mktx-10q_20190331.htm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to            

Commission File Number 001-34091

 

MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

52-2230784

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

55 Hudson Yards, 15th Floor New York, New York

 

10001

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

(212) 813-6000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

  

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

  

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.             ☐ 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  

As of April 22, 2019, the number of shares of the Registrant’s voting common stock outstanding was 37,697,485.

 

 

 


MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

  

Page

 

PART I — Financial Information

  

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

  

3

 

Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018

  

3

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

  

4

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

  

5

 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

  

6

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

  

7

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

  

8

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

  

21

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

  

34

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

  

35

 

PART II — Other Information

  

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

  

36

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

  

36

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

  

36

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

  

36

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

  

36

Item 5.

Other Information

  

37

Item 6.

Exhibits

  

37

 

 

 

 

2


PART I — Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements

MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION

(Unaudited)

 

 

As of

 

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

December 31, 2018

 

 

 

(In thousands, except share

and per share amounts)

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

260,953

 

 

$

246,322

 

Investments, at fair value

 

 

222,458

 

 

 

240,105

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $114 and $80 as of

   March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively

 

 

70,946

 

 

 

57,535

 

Goodwill and intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization

 

 

62,579

 

 

 

62,675

 

Furniture, equipment, leasehold improvements and capitalized

   software, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

61,047

 

 

 

63,010

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

 

78,190

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

17,219

 

 

 

22,468

 

Deferred tax assets, net

 

 

1,417

 

 

 

3,424

 

Total assets

 

$

774,809

 

 

$

695,539

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued employee compensation

 

$

16,699

 

 

$

39,053

 

Income and other tax liabilities

 

 

18,857

 

 

 

16,432

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

3,545

 

 

 

2,810

 

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

13,717

 

 

 

29,366

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

 

90,845

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

143,663

 

 

 

87,661

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 4,855,000 shares authorized,

   no shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and

   December 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series A Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value, 110,000 shares authorized,

   no shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and

   December 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock voting, $0.003 par value, 110,000,000 shares

  authorized, 40,622,066 shares and 40,540,349 shares issued

  and 37,700,164 shares and 37,639,917 shares outstanding as of

  March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively

 

 

122

 

 

 

122

 

Common stock non-voting, $0.003 par value, 10,000,000 shares

   authorized, no shares issued and outstanding as of

   March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

335,425

 

 

 

341,860

 

Treasury stock - Common stock voting, at cost, 2,921,902 and

   2,900,432 shares as of March 31, 2019 and

   December 31, 2018, respectively

 

 

(190,146

)

 

 

(184,962

)

Retained earnings

 

 

496,562

 

 

 

463,252

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(10,817

)

 

 

(12,394

)

Total stockholders' equity

 

 

631,146

 

 

 

607,878

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

$

774,809

 

 

$

695,539

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

3


 

MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

(In thousands, except share

and per share amounts)

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commissions

$

112,760

 

 

$

102,772

 

Information services

 

7,366

 

 

 

7,066

 

Post-trade services

 

4,100

 

 

 

4,576

 

Other

 

265

 

 

 

300

 

Total revenues

 

124,491

 

 

 

114,714

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee compensation and benefits

 

32,658

 

 

 

28,834

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

6,082

 

 

 

5,269

 

Technology and communications

 

5,782

 

 

 

5,779

 

Professional and consulting fees

 

5,831

 

 

 

5,057

 

Occupancy

 

2,949

 

 

 

3,337

 

Marketing and advertising

 

2,299

 

 

 

2,065

 

Clearing costs

 

2,577

 

 

 

1,725

 

General and administrative

 

3,124

 

 

 

2,475

 

Total expenses

 

61,302

 

 

 

54,541

 

Operating income

 

63,189

 

 

 

60,173

 

Other income (expense)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment income

 

1,989

 

 

 

1,168

 

Other, net

 

42

 

 

 

(328

)

Total other income

 

2,031

 

 

 

840

 

Income before income taxes

 

65,220

 

 

 

61,013

 

Provision for income taxes

 

12,698

 

 

 

13,073

 

Net income

$

52,522

 

 

$

47,940

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per common share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

1.42

 

 

$

1.30

 

Diluted

$

1.39

 

 

$

1.27

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash dividends declared per common share

$

0.51

 

 

$

0.42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

37,043

 

 

 

36,954

 

Diluted

 

37,832

 

 

 

37,886

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

4


MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Net income

$

52,522

 

 

$

47,940

 

Net cumulative translation adjustment and foreign

   currency exchange hedge, net of tax of $(452)

   and $(823), respectively

 

1,118

 

 

 

268

 

Net unrealized gain (loss) on securities available-for-sale,

   net of tax of $143 and $(107), respectively

 

459

 

 

 

(334

)

Comprehensive income

$

54,099

 

 

$

47,874

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

5


 

MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Common

Stock

Voting

 

 

Additional

Paid-In

Capital

 

 

Treasury Stock -

Common

Stock

Voting

 

 

Retained

Earnings

 

 

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

Loss

 

 

Total

Stockholders'

Equity

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Balance at January 1, 2019

 

$

122

 

 

$

341,860

 

 

$

(184,962

)

 

$

463,252

 

 

$

(12,394

)

 

$

607,878

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

52,522

 

 

 

 

 

 

52,522

 

Cumulative translation adjustment and foreign

   currency exchange hedge, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,118

 

 

 

1,118

 

Unrealized net gain on securities available-for-sale,

    net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

459

 

 

 

459

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

5,196

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,196

 

Exercise of stock options

 

 

 

 

 

172

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

172

 

Withholding tax payments on restricted stock

   vesting and stock option exercises

 

 

 

 

 

(11,803

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(11,803

)

Repurchases of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,184

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,184

)

Cash dividend on common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(19,212

)

 

 

 

 

 

(19,212

)

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

$

122

 

 

$

335,425

 

 

$

(190,146

)

 

$

496,562

 

 

$

(10,817

)

 

$

631,146

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common

Stock

Voting

 

 

Additional

Paid-In

Capital

 

 

Treasury Stock -

Common

Stock

Voting

 

 

Retained

Earnings

 

 

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

Loss

 

 

Total

Stockholders'

Equity

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Balance at January 1, 2018

 

$

121

 

 

$

331,081

 

 

$

(159,791

)

 

$

353,583

 

 

$

(10,226

)

 

$

514,768

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

47,940

 

 

 

 

 

 

47,940

 

Cumulative translation adjustment and foreign

   currency exchange hedge, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

268

 

 

 

268

 

Unrealized net loss on securities available-for-sale,

   net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(334

)

 

 

(334

)

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

3,951

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,951

 

Exercise of stock options

 

 

 

 

 

258

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

258

 

Withholding tax payments on restricted stock

   vesting and stock option exercises

 

 

 

 

 

(7,621

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7,621

)

Repurchases of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6,268

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6,268

)

Cash dividend on common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(15,798

)

 

 

 

 

 

(15,798

)

Balance at March 31, 2018

 

$

121

 

 

$

327,669

 

 

$

(166,059

)

 

$

385,725

 

 

$

(10,292

)

 

$

537,164

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6


 

 

MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended  March 31,

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

$

52,522

 

 

$

47,940

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

6,082

 

 

 

5,269

 

Amortization of operating lease right-of-use assets

 

1,291

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

5,196

 

 

 

3,951

 

Deferred taxes

 

2,022

 

 

 

2,061

 

Other

 

(587

)

 

 

(186

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Increase) in accounts receivable

 

(13,453

)

 

 

(14,955

)

Decrease  in prepaid expenses and other assets

 

5,264

 

 

 

852

 

Decrease in trading investments

 

6,015

 

 

 

3,054

 

(Increase) in mutual funds held in rabbi trust

 

(1,546

)

 

 

(1,161

)

(Decrease) in accrued employee compensation

 

(22,354

)

 

 

(20,891

)

Increase in income and other tax liabilities

 

2,267

 

 

 

4,304

 

Increase in deferred revenue

 

735

 

 

 

894

 

(Decrease) increase in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

(3,764

)

 

 

307

 

(Decrease) in operating lease liabilities

 

(321

)

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

39,369

 

 

 

31,439

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Available-for-sale investments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from maturities and sales

 

67,603

 

 

 

51,002

 

Purchases

 

(53,193

)

 

 

(57,839

)

Purchases of furniture, equipment and leasehold improvements

 

(649

)

 

 

(2,278

)

Capitalization of software development costs

 

(3,184

)

 

 

(3,590

)

Other

 

(15

)

 

 

(24

)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

10,562

 

 

 

(12,729

)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash dividend on common stock

 

(19,412

)

 

 

(15,814

)

Exercise of stock options

 

172

 

 

 

258

 

Withholding tax payments on restricted stock vesting and stock option exercises

 

(11,803

)

 

 

(7,621

)

Repurchases of common stock

 

(5,184

)

 

 

(6,268

)

Net cash (used in) financing activities

 

(36,227

)

 

 

(29,445

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

943

 

 

 

(110

)

Cash and cash equivalents including restricted cash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) for the period

 

14,647

 

 

 

(10,845

)

Beginning of period

 

247,458

 

 

 

168,150

 

End of period

$

262,105

 

 

$

157,305

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

7


 

MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

1. Organization and Principal Business Activity

MarketAxess Holdings Inc. (the “Company” or “MarketAxess”) was incorporated in the State of Delaware on April 11, 2000. Through its subsidiaries, MarketAxess operates a leading electronic trading platform that enables fixed-income market participants to efficiently trade corporate bonds and other types of fixed-income instruments using MarketAxess' patented trading technology. Over 1,500 institutional investor and broker-dealer firms are active users of the MarketAxess trading platform, accessing global liquidity in U.S. high-grade corporate bonds, emerging markets and high-yield bonds, European bonds, U.S. agency bonds, municipal bonds, leveraged loans, credit default swaps and other fixed-income securities. Through its Open Trading™ protocols, MarketAxess executes bond trades between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients in an all-to-all anonymous trading environment in which MarketAxess acts as the matched principal counterparty. MarketAxess also offers a number of trading-related products and services, including: Composite+ pricing and other market data to assist clients with trading decisions; auto-execution and other execution services for clients requiring specialized workflow solutions; connectivity solutions that facilitate straight-through processing; and technology services to optimize trading environments. Through its Trax® division, the Company also offers a range of pre- and post-trade services, including trade matching, trade publication, regulatory transaction reporting and market and reference data across a range of fixed-income and other products.

 

2. Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated. These consolidated financial statements are unaudited and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. The consolidated financial information as of December 31, 2018 has been derived from audited financial statements not included herein. These unaudited consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) with respect to Form 10-Q and reflect all adjustments that, in the opinion of management, are normal and recurring, and that are necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. In accordance with such rules and regulations, certain disclosures that are normally included in annual financial statements have been omitted. Interim period operating results may not be indicative of the operating results for a full year.

Accounting Pronouncements, Recently Adopted

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases” (“ASU 2016-02”) requiring lessees to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for those leases previously classified as operating leases with lease terms greater than 12 months. The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 effective January 1, 2019 using a modified retrospective transition approach and will not restate comparative periods. In addition, the Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance within the new standard which allowed it to carry forward the historical lease classification. The Company recorded new operating lease right-of-use assets of $79.5 million, eliminated a deferred rent liability of $11.7 million and recorded lease liabilities associated with the future minimum payments required under operating leases of $91.2 million. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations or Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

Accounting Pronouncements, Not Yet Adopted as of March 31, 2019

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other” (“ASU 2017-04”). ASU 2017-04 simplifies the testing for goodwill impairment. The guidance will be effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2020 and early adoption is permitted and should be applied prospectively. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents includes cash and money market instruments that are primarily maintained at one major global bank. Given this concentration, the Company is exposed to certain credit risk in relation to its deposits at this bank. The Company defines cash equivalents as short-term interest-bearing investments with maturities at the time of purchase of three months or less.

 

8


 

Investments

The Company determines the appropriate classification of securities at the time of purchase which are recorded in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition on the trade date. Securities are classified as available-for-sale or trading. The Company’s available-for-sale investments are comprised of investment grade corporate debt securities. Available-for-sale investments are carried at fair value with the unrealized gains or losses reported in accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. Trading investments include investment grade corporate debt securities and U.S. Treasuries and are carried at fair value, with realized and unrealized gains or losses included in other income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The Company assesses whether an other-than-temporary impairment loss on the available-for-sale investments has occurred due to declines in fair value or other market conditions. The portion of an other-than-temporary impairment related to credit loss is recorded as a charge in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The remainder is recognized in accumulated other comprehensive loss if the Company does not intend to sell the security and it is more likely than not that the Company will not be required to sell the security prior to recovery. No charges for other-than-temporary losses were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

Fair Value Financial Instruments

Fair value is defined as “the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.” A three-tiered hierarchy for determining fair value has been established that prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used in fair value calculations. The three levels of inputs are defined as Level 1 (unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets), Level 2 (inputs that are observable in the marketplace other than those inputs classified in Level 1) and Level 3 (inputs that are unobservable in the marketplace). The Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis consist of its money market funds, securities available-for-sale, trading securities and foreign currency forward contracts. All other financial instruments are short-term in nature and the carrying amount is reported on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition at approximate fair value.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

All accounts receivable have contractual maturities of less than one year and are derived from trading-related fees and commissions and revenues from products and services. The Company continually monitors collections and payments from its customers and maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts is based upon the historical collection experience and specific collection issues that have been identified. Additions to the allowance for doubtful accounts are charged to bad debt expense, which is included in general and administrative expense in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Depreciation and Amortization

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation. The Company uses the straight-line method of depreciation over three to seven years. The Company amortizes leasehold improvements on a straight-line basis over the lesser of the life of the improvement or the remaining term of the lease.

Software Development Costs

The Company capitalizes certain costs associated with the development of internal use software, including among other items, employee compensation and related benefits and third party consulting costs at the point at which the conceptual formulation, design and testing of possible software project alternatives have been completed. Once the product is ready for its intended use, such costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over three years. The Company reviews the amounts capitalized for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of the assets may not be recoverable.

Cash Provided as Collateral

Cash is provided as collateral for broker-dealer clearing accounts. Cash provided as collateral is included in prepaid expenses and other assets in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition.

 

9


 

Foreign Currency Translation and Forward Contracts

Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated using exchange rates at the end of the period; revenues and expenses are translated at average monthly rates. Gains and losses on foreign currency translation are a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. Transaction gains and losses are recorded in other, net in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The Company enters into foreign currency forward contracts to hedge its net investment in its U.K. subsidiaries. Gains and losses on these transactions are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition.

Revenue Recognition

The Company’s classification of revenues in the Consolidated Statements of Operations represents revenues from contracts with customers disaggregated by type of revenue. The Company has four revenue streams as described below.

Commission Revenue The Company charges its broker-dealer clients variable transaction fees for trades executed on its platform and, under certain plans, distribution fees or monthly minimum fees to use the platform for a particular product area. Variable transaction fees are generally calculated as a percentage of the notional dollar volume of bonds traded on the platform and vary based on the type, size, yield and maturity of the bond traded. Under the Company’s disclosed trading transaction fee plans, bonds that are more actively traded or that have shorter maturities are generally charged lower commissions, while bonds that are less actively traded or that have longer maturities generally command higher commissions. Variable transaction fees, distribution fees and unused monthly fee commitments are invoiced and recorded on a monthly basis.

 

For trades that the Company executes between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a matched principal basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller, the Company earns its commission through the difference in price between the two trades. The commission is collected upon settlement of the trade, which typically occurs within one to two trading days after the trade date. The following table presents commission revenue by fee type for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Commission revenue by fee type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Variable transaction fees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disclosed trading

$

66,056

 

 

$

66,253

 

Open Trading - matched principal trading

 

23,036

 

 

 

13,524

 

Total variable transaction fees

 

89,092

 

 

 

79,777

 

Distribution fees and unused minimum fees

 

23,668

 

 

 

22,995

 

Total commissions

$

112,760

 

 

$

102,772

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10


 

 

Information services – Information services includes data licensed to the Company’s broker-dealer clients, institutional investor clients and data-only subscribers; professional and consulting services; technology software licenses; and maintenance and support services. The nature and timing of each performance obligation may vary as these contracts are either subscription based services transferred over time or one-time services that are transferred at a point in time. Revenues for services transferred over time are recognized ratably over the contract period as the Company’s performance obligation is met whereas revenues for services transferred at a point in time are recognized in the period the services are provided. Customers are generally billed monthly, quarterly, or annually; revenues billed in advance are deferred and recognized ratably over the contract period. The following table presents information services revenue by timing of recognition for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Information services revenue by timing of recognition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Services transferred over time

$

7,219

 

 

$

6,842

 

Services transferred at a point in time

 

147

 

 

 

224

 

Total information services revenues

$

7,366

 

 

$

7,066

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post-trade services – Post-trade services revenue is generated from regulatory transaction reporting, trade publication and trade matching services. Customers are generally billed monthly in arrears and revenue is recognized in the period transactions are processed. Revenues billed in advance are deferred and recognized ratably over the contract period. The Company also generates one-time implementation fees for onboarding clients which are invoiced and recognized in the period the implementation is completed. The following table presents post-trade services revenue by timing of recognition for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Post-trade services revenue by timing of recognition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Services transferred over time

$

4,087

 

 

$

4,287

 

Services transferred at a point in time

 

13

 

 

 

289

 

Total post-trade services revenues

$

4,100

 

 

$

4,576

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other revenues – Other revenues primarily includes revenue from telecommunications line charges to broker-dealer clients.

Contract liabilities consist of deferred revenues that the Company records when cash payments are received or due in advance of services to be performed. The revenue recognized from contract liabilities and the remaining balance is shown below:

 

 

 

December 31, 2018

 

 

Payments received in advance of services to be performed

 

 

Revenue recognized for services performed during the period

 

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Information services

 

$

1,959

 

 

$

1,957

 

 

$

(1,799

)

 

$

 

 

$

2,117

 

Post-trade services

 

 

851

 

 

 

3,709

 

 

 

(3,152

)

 

 

20

 

 

 

1,428

 

Total deferred revenue

 

$

2,810

 

 

$

5,666

 

 

$

(4,951

)

 

$

20

 

 

$

3,545

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11


 

The majority of the Company’s contracts are short-term in nature with durations of less than one-year. For contracts extending beyond one year, the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations was $10.4 million as of March 31, 2019. The Company expects to recognize revenue associated with the remaining performance obligations over the next 21 months.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for all share-based payment awards based on their estimated fair values measured as of the grant date. These costs are recognized as an expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations over the requisite service period, which is typically the vesting period, with an offsetting increase to additional paid-in capital. Forfeitures are recognized as they occur.

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability method. Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when such differences are expected to reverse. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is recognized against deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that such assets will not be realized in future years. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in general and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Effective upon the Company’s adoption of ASU 2016-09, all tax effects related to share-based payments are recorded through tax expense in the periods during which the awards are exercised or vest.

Business Combinations, Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Business combinations are accounted for under the purchase method of accounting. The total cost of an acquisition is allocated to the underlying net assets based on their respective estimated fair values. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. Determining the fair value of certain assets acquired and liabilities assumed is judgmental in nature and often involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions, including assumptions with respect to future cash flows, discount rates, growth rates and asset lives.

The Company operates as a single reporting unit. Subsequent to an acquisition, goodwill no longer retains its identification with a particular acquisition, but instead becomes identifiable with the entire reporting unit. As a result, all of the fair value of the Company is available to support the value of goodwill. An impairment review of goodwill is performed on an annual basis, at year-end, or more frequently if circumstances change. Intangible assets with definite lives, including purchased technologies, customer relationships and other intangible assets, are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives, ranging from three to 15 years. Intangible assets are assessed for impairment when events or circumstances indicate the existence of a possible impairment.

Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net income attributable to common stock by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. For purposes of computing diluted earnings per share, the weighted-average shares outstanding of common stock reflects the dilutive effect that could occur if convertible securities or other contracts to issue common stock were converted into or exercised for common stock.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

 

 

12


 

3. Net Capital Requirements

Certain U.S. subsidiaries of the Company are registered as a broker-dealer or swap execution facility and therefore are subject to the applicable rules and regulations of the SEC and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”). These rules contain minimum net capital requirements, as defined in the applicable regulations, and also may require a significant part of the registrants’ assets be kept in relatively liquid form. Certain of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries are regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the U.K. or other foreign regulators and must maintain financial resources, as defined in the applicable regulations, in excess of the applicable financial resources requirement. As of March 31, 2019, each of the Company’s subsidiaries that are subject to these regulations had net capital or financial resources in excess of their minimum requirements. As of March 31, 2019, the Company’s subsidiaries maintained aggregate net capital and financial resources that was $172.5 million in excess of the required levels of $12.7 million.

Each of the Company’s U.S. and foreign regulated subsidiaries are subject to local regulations which generally prohibit repayment of borrowings from the Company or affiliates, paying cash dividends, making loans to the Company or affiliates or otherwise entering into transactions that result in a significant reduction in regulatory net capital or financial resources without prior notification to or approval from such regulated entity’s principal regulator.

4. Fair Value Measurements

The following table summarizes the valuation of the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value as categorized based on the hierarchy described in Note 2.

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

 

(In thousands)

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

$

155,570

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

155,570

 

Securities available-for-sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt

 

 

 

 

133,051

 

 

 

 

 

 

133,051

 

Trading securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt

 

 

 

 

56,465

 

 

 

 

 

 

56,465

 

U.S. Treasuries

 

 

 

 

27,296

 

 

 

 

 

 

27,296

 

Mutual funds held in rabbi trust

 

 

 

 

5,646

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,646

 

Foreign currency forward position

 

 

 

 

1,096

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,096

 

Total

$

155,570

 

 

$

223,554

 

 

$

 

 

$

379,124

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

$

112,529

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

112,529

 

Securities available-for-sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt

 

 

 

 

146,966

 

 

 

 

 

 

146,966

 

Trading securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt

 

 

 

 

71,861

 

 

 

 

 

 

71,861

 

U.S. Treasuries

 

 

 

 

17,178

 

 

 

 

 

 

17,178

 

Mutual funds held in rabbi trust

 

 

 

 

4,100

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,100

 

Foreign currency forward position

 

 

 

 

(1,021

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,021

)

Total

$

112,529

 

 

$

239,084

 

 

$

 

 

$

351,613

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Securities classified within Level 2 were valued using a market approach utilizing prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving comparable assets. The foreign currency forward contracts are classified within Level 2 as the valuation inputs are based on quoted market prices. The mutual funds held in a rabbi trust represent investments associated with the deferred cash incentive plan (see Note 14). There were no financial assets classified within Level 3 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.

 

13


 

  The Company enters into foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the net investment in the Company’s U.K. subsidiaries. The Company designates each foreign currency forward contract as a hedge and assesses the risk management objective and strategy, including identification of the hedging instrument, the hedged item and the risk exposure and how effectiveness is to be assessed prospectively and retrospectively. These hedges are for a one-month period and are used to limit exposure to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. The fair value of the asset is included in prepaid expenses and other assets and the fair value of the liability is included in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. Gains or losses on foreign currency forward contracts designated as hedges are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. A summary of the Company’s foreign currency forward position is as follows:   

 

 

As of

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

December 31, 2018

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Notional value

$

123,263

 

 

$

106,306

 

Fair value of notional

 

122,167

 

 

 

107,327

 

Fair value of the asset (liability)

$

1,096

 

 

$

(1,021

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following is a summary of the Company’s investments:

 

 

Amortized

cost

 

 

Gross

unrealized

gains

 

 

Gross

unrealized

losses

 

 

Estimated

fair

value

 

 

(In thousands)

 

As of March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Securities available-for-sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt

$

133,039

 

 

$

238

 

 

$

(226

)

 

$

133,051

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trading securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

&