MarketAxess Reports First Quarter 2018 Record Revenues of $114.7 Million, Record Operating Income of $60.2 Million and Record Diluted EPS of $1.27

First Quarter Financial Highlights*

  • Record revenues of $114.7 million, up 11.4%
  • Record operating income of $60.2 million, up 9.1%
  • Expenses of $54.5 million, includes $1.7 million of duplicate occupancy expense
  • Record diluted EPS of $1.27, up 14.4% from $1.11
  • Record U.S. high-grade market share of 18.0%, up from 15.9%
  • Record trading volume of $465.0 billion, up 17.9%
  • Record trading volume in each of our four core products: U.S. high-grade, high-yield, Eurobonds and emerging market bonds

*All comparisons versus first quarter 2017.

NEW YORK, April 25, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- MarketAxess Holdings Inc. (Nasdaq:MKTX), the operator of a leading electronic trading platform for fixed-income securities, and the provider of market data and post-trade services for the global fixed-income markets, today announced results for the quarter ended March 31, 2018.

"Trading volumes and commission revenue benefited from a modest improvement in market volatility during the quarter," said Rick McVey, Chairman and CEO of MarketAxess.  "MiFID II implementation led to record trading volumes and post-trade revenue.  Open Trading activity continues to grow, driving meaningful transaction cost savings and improved liquidity for our clients."

First Quarter Results

Total revenues for the first quarter of 2018 increased 11.4% to $114.7 million, compared to $103.0 million for the first quarter of 2017.  Operating income was $60.2 million, compared to $55.2 million for the first quarter of 2017, an increase of 9.1%. Operating margin was 52.5%, compared to 53.6% for the first quarter of 2017.  Net income totaled $47.9 million, or $1.27 per share on a diluted basis, compared to $42.5 million, or $1.11 per share, for the first quarter of 2017.  

Commission revenue for the first quarter of 2018 increased 9.3% to $102.8 million, compared to $94.0 million for the first quarter of 2017. Variable transaction fees increased 2.5% to $79.8 million on total trading volume of $465.0 billion for the first quarter of 2018, compared to variable transaction fees of $77.8 million on total trading volume of $394.4 billion for the first quarter of 2017. U.S. high-grade trading volume as a percentage of FINRA's high-grade TRACE trading volume increased to an estimated 18.0% for the first quarter of 2018, compared to an estimated 15.9% for the first quarter of 2017.

All other revenue, which consists of information services, post-trade services and other revenue, increased to $11.9 million, compared to $8.9 million for the first quarter of 2017.  The increase in all other revenue was principally due to higher post-trade services revenue of $2.1 million and information services revenue of $0.9 million.

Total expenses for the first quarter of 2018 increased 14.1% to $54.5 million, compared to $47.8 million for the first quarter of 2017. The increase in total expenses was largely due to higher occupancy costs of $1.9 million, employee compensation and benefit costs, mainly due to an increase in headcount, of $1.6 million and technology and communication costs of $1.2 million.  Occupancy costs in the first quarter of 2018 include duplicate expense recognized during the build-out phase of the Company's new corporate offices in New York.  The duplicate expense had the effect of increasing total expenses by $1.7 million and reducing diluted EPS by $0.03. Other income (expense) increased to $0.8 million from $0.4 million due to a $0.4 million increase in investment income as a result of higher investment balances and an increase in interest rates.

The effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2018 was 21.4%, compared to 23.6% for the first quarter of 2017.  The first quarter of 2018 income tax provision reflected a reduction in the federal income tax rate and other changes associated with the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act") and $1.8 million of excess tax benefits related to share-based compensation awards that vested or were exercised during the quarter.  The first quarter of 2017 income tax provision included $5.8 million of excess tax benefits related to share-based compensation awards. The Company continues to monitor guidance that may be issued by the U.S. Department of the Treasury that could cause changes to the interpretations and assumptions made by the Company to account for the impact of the Tax Act. 

Employee headcount was 429 as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 compared to 391 as of March 31, 2017.


The Company's board of directors declared a cash dividend of $0.42 per share of common stock outstanding, to be paid on May 23, 2018 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on May 9, 2018. 

Share Repurchases

A total of 30,500 shares were repurchased in the first quarter of 2018 at a cost of $6.3 million.

Balance Sheet Data

As of March 31, 2018, total assets were $589.3 million and included $400.4 million in cash, cash equivalents and investments.  Total stockholders' equity as of March 31, 2018 was $537.2 million.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Other Items

To supplement the Company's unaudited financial statements presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"), the Company uses certain non-GAAP measures of financial performance, including earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA") and free cash flow.  The Company believes that these non-GAAP financial measures, when taken into consideration with the corresponding GAAP financial measures, are important in understanding the Company's operating results.  See the attached schedule for a reconciliation of GAAP net income to EBITDA and GAAP cash flow from operating activities to free cash flow.

Webcast and Conference Call Information

Richard M. McVey, chairman and chief executive officer, and Antonio L. DeLise, chief financial officer, will host a conference call to discuss the Company's financial results and outlook on Wednesday, April 25, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. Eastern time. To access the conference call, please dial 855-425-4206 (U.S.) or 484-756-4249 (international). The Company will also host a live audio Webcast of the conference call on the Investor Relations section of the Company's website at A replay of the call will be made available by dialing 855-859-2056 (U.S.) or 404-537-3406 (international) for one week after the announcement. The passcode for replay callers is 5884388. The Webcast will also be archived on for 90 days following the announcement.

About MarketAxess

MarketAxess operates a leading electronic trading platform that enables fixed-income market participants to efficiently trade corporate bonds and other types of fixed-income instruments using MarketAxess' patented trading technology.  Over 1,300 institutional investor and broker-dealer firms are active users of the MarketAxess trading platform, accessing global liquidity in U.S. high-grade corporate bonds, emerging markets and high-yield bonds, European bonds, U.S. agency bonds, municipal bonds, credit default swaps and other fixed-income securities. MarketAxess also offers a number of trading-related products and services, including: market data to assist clients with trading decisions; connectivity solutions that facilitate straight-through processing; technology services to optimize trading environments; and execution services for exchange-traded fund managers and other clients.  Through its Trax® division, MarketAxess also offers a range of pre- and post-trade services, including trade matching, regulatory transaction reporting and market and reference data, across a range of fixed-income products.  Trax is the trading name of Xtrakter Ltd., a MarketAxess group company.

MarketAxess maintains its headquarters in New York and has offices in London, Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, São Paulo, Hong Kong and Singapore. For more information, please visit

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release may contain forward-looking statements, including statements about the outlook and prospects for Company and industry growth, as well as statements about the Company's future financial and operating performance.  These and other statements that relate to future results and events are based on MarketAxess' current expectations.  The Company's actual results in future periods may differ materially from those currently expected or desired because of a number of risks and uncertainties, including: the volatility of financial services markets generally; the level of trading volume transacted on the MarketAxess platform; the absolute level and direction of interest rates and the corresponding volatility in the corporate fixed-income market; the level and intensity of competition in the fixed-income electronic trading industry and the pricing pressures that may result; the variability of our growth rate; the rapidly evolving nature of the electronic financial services industry; our ability to introduce new fee plans and our clients' response; our exposure to risks resulting from non-performance by counterparties to transactions executed between our clients in which we act as an intermediary in matched principal trades; our dependence on our broker-dealer clients; the loss of any of our significant institutional investor clients; our ability to develop new products and offerings and the market's acceptance of those products; the effect of rapid market or technological changes on us and the users of our technology; our ability to successfully maintain the integrity of our trading platform and our response to system failures, capacity constraints and business interruptions; our vulnerability to cyber security risks; our ability to protect our intellectual property rights or technology and defend against intellectual property infringement or other claims; our ability to enter into strategic alliances and to acquire other businesses and successfully integrate them with our business; our ability to comply with new laws, rules and regulations both domestically and internationally; our ability to maintain effective compliance and risk management methods; the strain of growth initiatives on management and other resources; our future capital needs and our ability to obtain capital when needed; limitations on our operating flexibility contained in our credit agreement; and other factors.  The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.  More information about these and other factors affecting MarketAxess' business and prospects is contained in MarketAxess' periodic filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission and can be accessed at

Media and Investor Relations Contacts:

Tony DeLise
MarketAxess Holdings Inc.

Mary Sedarat
MarketAxess Holdings Inc.

William McBride

MarketAxess Holdings Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
 Three Months Ended
 March 31,
 (In thousands, except per share data)
Commissions$102,772  $94,022 
Information services 7,066   6,185 
Post-trade services 4,576   2,456 
Other (1) 300   301 
Total revenues 114,714   102,964 
Employee compensation and benefits (1) 28,834   27,284 
Depreciation and amortization 5,269   4,693 
Technology and communications 5,779   4,585 
Professional and consulting fees 5,057   4,279 
Occupancy 3,337   1,404 
Marketing and advertising 2,065   1,886 
Clearing costs 1,725   1,327 
General and administrative(1) 2,475   2,348 
Total expenses 54,541   47,806 
Operating income 60,173   55,158 
Other income (expense) (1)   
Investment income 1,168   747 
Other, net (328)  (298)
Total other income  840   449 
Income before income taxes 61,013   55,607 
Provision for income taxes 13,073   13,144 
Net income$   47,940   $   42,463  
Per Share Data:   
Net income per common share   
Basic$1.30  $1.15 
Diluted$1.27  $1.11 
Cash dividends declared per common share$0.42  $0.33 
Weighted-average common shares:   
Basic 36,954   36,850 
Diluted 37,886   38,112 
(1) The Company has revised the format of the consolidated statement of operations to separately present non-operating activities.  Such activities include investment income, unrealized and realized gains (losses) on trading securities, foreign exchange gains (losses), investment advisory fees and other miscellaneous non-operating activities.  Accordingly, the Company reclassified these amounts from the various revenue and expense line items to Other income (expense). Such reclassifications had no effect on previously reported income before income taxes or net income.


MarketAxess Holdings Inc.
Commission Revenue Details
 Three Months Ended
 March 31, 
  2018  2017
  Total Commissions Revenue 
 (In thousands)
Transaction Fees   
U.S. high-grade$38,767 $35,523
Other credit 1 40,427  41,695
Liquid products 2 583  630
Total transaction fees 79,777  77,848
Distribution Fees   
U.S. high-grade 17,227  15,750
Other credit1 5,540  280
Liquid products2,3 228  144
Total distribution fees 22,995  16,174
Total commissions$   102,772  $   94,022
  Average Variable Transaction Fee Per Million 
U.S. high-grade - fixed-rate$158 $166
U.S. high-grade - floating-rate 94  55
Total U.S. high-grade 154  162
Other credit 202  261
Liquid products 41  41
Total   172     197
1 Other credit includes high-yield, emerging markets, Eurobonds and municipal bonds.
2 Liquid products includes U.S. agencies and European government bonds.
3 Includes CDS SEF-related revenue.


MarketAxess Holdings Inc.
Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheet Data
 As of
 March 31, 2018 December 31, 2017
 (In thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents$156,169 $167,014
Investments, at fair value 244,271  239,521
Accounts receivable, net 67,529  52,636
All other assets 121,304  122,061
Total assets$   589,273  $   581,232
Liabilities and stockholders' equity    
Total liabilities$52,109 $66,464
Total stockholders' equity 537,164  514,768
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$   589,273  $   581,232


MarketAxess Holdings Inc.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
 Three Months Ended
 March 31,
  Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization 
 (In thousands)
Net income $47,940  $42,463 
Add back:   
Interest expense     
Provision for income taxes 13,073   13,144 
Depreciation and amortization 5,269   4,693 
Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization $   66,282   $   60,300  
  Free Cash Flow 
 (In thousands)
Cash flow from operating activities$31,439  $30,549 
Add back:   
Net (sales) purchases of corporate debt trading investments (3,054)  1,196 
Purchases of furniture, equipment and leasehold improvements (2,278)  (4,149)
Capitalization of software development costs (3,590)  (3,172)
Free cash flow$   22,517   $   24,424  


MarketAxess Holdings Inc.
Volume Statistics*
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 2018 2017
  Total Trading Volume 
 (In millions)
U.S. high-grade - fixed-rate$236,523 $211,974
U.S. high-grade - floating-rate 14,462  7,420
Total U.S. high-grade 250,985  219,394
Other credit 199,943  159,724
Liquid products 14,079  15,306
Total$   465,007  $   394,424
  Average Daily Volume 
 (In millions)
U.S. high-grade$4,115 $3,539
Other credit 3,254  2,557
Liquid products 230  247
Total$   7,599  $   6,343
Number of U.S. Trading Days 1 61  62
Number of U.K. Trading Days 2 63  64
1 The number of U.S. trading days is based on the SIFMA holiday recommendation calendar.
2 The number of U.K. trading days is based on the U.K. Bank holiday schedule.
*Consistent with FINRA TRACE reporting standards, both sides of trades are included in the Company's reported volumes when the Company executes trades on a matched principal basis between two counterparties.