MarketAxess Holdings, Inc.
MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 04/30/2010 14:14:18)
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
     
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2010
or
     
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number 001-34091
MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
  52-2230784
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
     
299 Park Avenue, 10th Floor New York, New York
(Address of principal executive offices)
  10171
(Zip Code)
(212) 813-6000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ       No o
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes o       No o
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
             
Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer þ   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company o
        (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o       No þ
     As of April 29, 2010, the number of shares of the Registrant’s voting common stock outstanding was 32,442,386 and the number of shares of the Registrant’s non-voting common stock was 2,585,654.
 
 

 


 

MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2010
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  EX-31.1
  EX-31.2
  EX-32.1
  EX-32.2

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PART I — Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
(Unaudited)
                 
    As of  
    March 31,     December 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands, except share  
    and per share amounts)  
ASSETS
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 104,552     $ 103,341  
Securities available-for-sale, at fair value
    63,142       70,997  
Securities and cash provided as collateral
    4,914       4,971  
Accounts receivable, including receivables from related parties of $3,038 and $3,431, respectively, net of allowance of $903 and $859 as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively
    26,685       23,150  
Furniture, equipment and leasehold improvements, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization
    9,117       6,856  
Software development costs, net of accumulated amortization
    3,271       3,420  
Goodwill and intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization
    37,151       37,530  
Prepaid expenses and other assets
    3,171       3,041  
Deferred tax assets, net
    20,628       23,980  
 
           
Total assets
  $ 272,631     $ 277,286  
 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Liabilities
               
Accrued employee compensation
  $ 4,337     $ 15,157  
Deferred revenue
    4,428       4,262  
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities, including payables to related parties of $32 and $29 as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively
    11,338       11,050  
 
           
Total liabilities
    20,103       30,469  
 
           
 
               
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 10)
           
 
               
Series B Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value, 35,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, liquidation preference of $1,000 per share
    30,315       30,315  
 
           
 
               
Stockholders’ equity
               
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 4,855,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009
           
Series A Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value, 110,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009
           
Common stock voting, $0.003 par value, 110,000,000 shares authorized, 35,159,785 shares and 34,654,957 shares issued as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively
    105       104  
Common stock non-voting, $0.003 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, 2,585,654 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009
    9       9  
Additional paid-in capital
    315,634       313,896  
Receivable for common stock subscribed
    (713 )     (713 )
Treasury stock — Common stock voting, at cost, 2,864,120 shares as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009
    (40,000 )     (40,000 )
Accumulated deficit
    (51,383 )     (55,403 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (1,439 )     (1,391 )
 
           
Total stockholders’ equity
    222,213       216,502  
 
           
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 272,631     $ 277,286  
 
           
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands, except share and per share amounts)  
Revenues
               
Commissions
               
U.S. high-grade
  $ 19,776     $ 13,515  
Eurobond
    5,492       4,142  
Other
    4,039       2,789  
 
           
Total commissions
    29,307       20,446  
Technology products and services
    3,164       2,023  
Information and user access fees
    1,634       1,655  
Investment income
    291       332  
Other
    488       176  
 
           
Total revenues
    34,884       24,632  
 
           
 
               
Expenses
               
Employee compensation and benefits
    13,933       11,442  
Depreciation and amortization
    1,616       1,791  
Technology and communications
    2,417       2,242  
Professional and consulting fees
    2,138       1,879  
Occupancy
    938       676  
Marketing and advertising
    628       645  
General and administrative
    2,129       1,226  
 
           
Total expenses
    23,799       19,901  
 
           
Income before income taxes
    11,085       4,731  
Provision for income taxes
    4,384       1,892  
 
           
Net income
  $ 6,701     $ 2,839  
 
           
 
               
Net income per common share
               
Basic
  $ 0.18     $ 0.08  
Diluted
  $ 0.17     $ 0.08  
 
               
Weighted average shares used to compute net income per common share
               
Basic
    33,625,512       33,183,476  
Diluted
    39,305,474       37,516,962  
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
AND ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2010
(Unaudited)
                                                                 
                                    Treasury                      
            Common             Receivable     Stock             Accumu-     Total  
    Common     Stock     Additional     for Common     Common     Accumu-     lated Other     Stock-  
    Stock     Non-     Paid-In     Stock     Stock     lated     Comprehen-     holders'  
    Voting     Voting     Capital     Subscribed     Voting     Deficit     sive Loss     Equity  
    (In thousands)  
Balance at December 31, 2009
  $ 104     $ 9     $ 313,896     $ (713 )   $ (40,000 )   $ (55,403 )   $ (1,391 )   $ 216,502  
Comprehensive income:
                                                               
Net income
                                  6,701             6,701  
Cumulative translation adjustment and foreign currency exchange hedge, net of tax
                                        (193 )     (193 )
Unrealized net gain on securities available-for-sale, net of tax
                                        145       145  
 
                                                             
Total comprehensive income
                                                            6,653  
Stock-based compensation
                2,194                               2,194  
Exercise of stock options and grants of restricted stock, net of withholding tax on stock vesting
    1             (831 )                             (830 )
Cash dividend on common stock and Series B Preferred Stock
                                  (2,681 )           (2,681 )
Windfall tax benefits from stock-based compensation
                375                               375  
 
                                               
 
                                                               
Balance at March 31, 2010
  $ 105     $ 9     $ 315,634     $ (713 )   $ (40,000 )   $ (51,383 )   $ (1,439 )   $ 222,213  
 
                                               
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands)  
Cash flows from operating activities
               
Net income
  $ 6,701     $ 2,839  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    1,616       1,791  
Stock-based compensation expense
    2,194       2,039  
Deferred taxes
    3,377       2,144  
Provision for bad debts
    242       98  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of business acquired:
               
(Increase) in accounts receivable
    (3,777 )     (4,732 )
(Increase) decrease in prepaid expenses and other assets
    (130 )     591  
Decrease in accrued employee compensation
    (10,820 )     (7,486 )
Increase (decrease) in deferred revenue
    166       (73 )
Increase in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
    350       459  
 
           
Net cash used in operating activities
    (81 )     (2,330 )
 
           
Cash flows from investing activities
               
Acqusition of business
          (1,368 )
Securities available-for-sale:
               
Proceeds from maturities
    19,301       7,694  
Purchases
    (11,209 )      
Securities and cash provided as collateral
    57       10  
Purchases of furniture, equipment and leasehold improvements
    (2,889 )     (485 )
Capitalization of software development costs
    (471 )     (373 )
 
           
Net cash provided by investing activities
    4,789       5,478  
 
           
Cash flows from financing activities
               
Cash dividend on common stock and Series B Preferred Stock
    (2,681 )      
Proceeds from exercise of stock options and grants of restricted stock, net of withholding tax
    (830 )     (155 )
Increment (decrement) in windfall tax benefits from stock-based compensation
    375       (323 )
Other
    (62 )     (28 )
 
           
Net cash used in financing activities
    (3,198 )     (506 )
 
           
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
    (299 )     (142 )
 
           
Cash and cash equivalents
               
Net increase for the period
    1,211       2,500  
Beginning of year
    103,341       107,323  
 
           
End of period
  $ 104,552     $ 109,823  
 
           
 
               
Supplemental cash flow information:
               
Cash paid during the year:
               
Income taxes paid
  $ 493     $ 46  
Non-cash activity:
               
Capital lease obligation
  $     $ 723  
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — Unaudited
1. Organization and Principal Business Activity
     MarketAxess Holdings Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated in the State of Delaware on April 11, 2000. Through its subsidiaries, the Company operates an electronic trading platform for corporate bonds and other types of fixed-income instruments through which the Company’s institutional investor clients can access the liquidity provided by its broker-dealer clients. The Company’s multi-dealer trading platform allows its institutional investor clients to simultaneously request competitive, executable bids or offers from multiple broker-dealers, and to execute trades with the broker-dealer of their choice. The Company offers its clients the ability to trade U.S. high-grade corporate bonds, European high-grade corporate bonds, credit default swaps, agencies, high yield and emerging markets bonds. The Company’s DealerAxess ® trading service allows dealers to trade fixed-income securities and credit default swaps with each other on its platform. The Company executes certain bond transactions between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a riskless principal basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller in matching back-to-back trades, which then settle through a third-party clearing organization. Through its Corporate BondTicker™ service, the Company provides fixed-income market data, analytics and compliance tools that help its clients make trading decisions. In addition, the Company provides FIX (Financial Information eXchange) message management tools, connectivity solutions and ancillary technology services that facilitate the electronic communication of order information between trading counterparties.
     The Company’s stockholder broker-dealer clients as of January 1, 2010 were BNP Paribas, Credit Suisse and JPMorgan. These broker-dealer clients constitute related parties of the Company (together, the “Stockholder Broker-Dealer Clients”). For 2009, the same three dealers were considered to be Stockholder Broker-Dealer Clients. See Note 7, “Related Parties.”
2. Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
     The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated. These Consolidated Financial Statements are unaudited and should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009. The consolidated financial information as of December 31, 2009 has been derived from audited financial statements not included herein.
     These unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) with respect to Form 10-Q and reflect all adjustments that, in the opinion of management, are normal and recurring, and that are necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. In accordance with such rules and regulations, certain disclosures that are normally included in annual financial statements have been omitted. Interim period operating results may not be indicative of the operating results for a full year.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
     Cash and cash equivalents include cash maintained at U.S. and U.K. banks and in money market funds. The Company defines cash equivalents as short-term interest-bearing investments with maturities at the time of purchase of three months or less. The Company’s cash is held at a major international bank. Given this concentration, the Company may be exposed to certain credit risk.
Securities Available-for-Sale
     The Company classifies its marketable securities as available-for-sale securities. Unrealized marketable securities gains and losses, net of taxes, are reflected as a net amount under the caption of accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. Realized gains and losses are recorded in the Consolidated Statements of Operations in other revenues. For the purpose of computing realized gains and losses, cost is determined on a specific identification basis.
     The Company assesses whether an other-than-temporary impairment loss on the investments has occurred due to declines in fair value or other market conditions. The portion of an other-than-temporary impairment related to credit loss is recorded as a charge in

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The remainder is recognized in other comprehensive loss if the Company does not intend to sell the security and it is more likely than not that the Company will not be required to sell the security prior to recovery. No charges for other-than-temporary losses were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009.
Fair Value Financial Instruments
     Pursuant to a new accounting standard adopted in 2008, fair value is defined as “the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.” The standard also establishes a three-tiered fair value hierarchy that prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used in fair value calculations. The three levels of inputs are defined as Level 1 (unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets), Level 2 (inputs that are observable in the marketplace other than those inputs classified in Level 1) and Level 3 (inputs that are unobservable in the marketplace). The Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis consist of its securities available-for-sale portfolio and one foreign currency forward contract.
Securities and Cash Provided as Collateral
     Securities provided as collateral consist of U.S. government obligations and cash. Collectively, these amounts are used as collateral for standby letters of credit, electronic bank settlements, foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the Company’s net investments in certain foreign subsidiaries and broker-dealer clearance accounts.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
     The Company continually monitors collections and payments from its clients and maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts is based upon the historical collection experience and specific collection issues that have been identified. Additions to the allowance for doubtful accounts are charged to bad debt expense, which is included in general and administrative expense in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Depreciation and Amortization
     Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation. The Company uses the straight-line method of depreciation over three to seven years, which is indicative of the estimated useful life of the assets. Leasehold improvements are stated at cost and are amortized using the straight-line method over the lesser of the life of the improvement or the remaining term of the lease.
Software Development Costs
     The Company capitalizes certain costs associated with the development of internal use software at the point at which the conceptual formulation, design and testing of possible software project alternatives have been completed. The Company capitalizes employee compensation and related benefits and third party consulting costs incurred during the preliminary software project stage. Once the product is ready for its intended use, such costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over three years. The Company reviews the amounts capitalized for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of the assets may not be recoverable.
Foreign Currency Translation and Forward Contracts
     Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated using exchange rates at the end of the period; revenues and expenses are translated at average monthly rates. Gains and losses on foreign currency translation are a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. Transaction gains and losses are recorded in general and administrative expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
     The Company enters into foreign currency forward contracts to hedge its net investment in its U.K. subsidiary. Gains and losses on these transactions are deferred and included in accumulated other comprehensive loss on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition.

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
Revenue Recognition
     The majority of the Company’s revenues are derived from monthly distribution fees and commissions for trades executed on its platform that are billed to its broker-dealer clients on a monthly basis. The Company also derives revenues from technology products and services, information and user access fees, investment income and other income.
      Commission revenue. Commissions are generally calculated as a percentage of the notional dollar volume of bonds traded on the platform and vary based on the type and maturity of the bond traded. Under the Company’s transaction fee plans, bonds that are more actively traded or that have shorter maturities are generally charged lower commissions, while bonds that are less actively traded or that have longer maturities generally command higher commissions. For trades that the Company executes between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a riskless principal basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller, the Company earns the commission through the difference in price between the two back-to-back trades.
      Technology products and services. The Company generates revenues from technology software licenses, maintenance and support services (referred to as post-contract technical support or “PCS”) and professional consulting services. Revenue is generally recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable and collection is considered probable. The Company generally sells software licenses and services together as part of multiple-element arrangements. The Company also enters into contracts for technology integration consulting services unrelated to any software product. When the Company enters into a multiple-element arrangement, the residual method is used to allocate the total fee among the elements of the arrangement. Under the residual method, license revenue is recognized upon delivery when vendor-specific objective evidence of fair value exists for all of the undelivered elements in the arrangement, but does not exist for one or more of the delivered elements in the arrangement. Each license arrangement requires that the Company analyze the individual elements in the transaction and estimate the fair value of each undelivered element, which typically includes PCS and professional services. License revenue consists of license fees charged for the use of the Company’s products under perpetual and, to a lesser extent, term license arrangements. License revenue from a perpetual arrangement is generally recognized upon delivery while license revenue from a term arrangement is recognized ratably over the duration of the arrangement on a straight-line basis. If the professional services are essential to the functionality of the software product, the license revenue is recognized upon customer acceptance or satisfaction of the service obligation.
     Professional services are generally separately priced, are available from a number of suppliers and are typically not essential to the functionality of the Company’s software products. Revenues from these services are recognized separately from the license fee. Generally, revenue from time-and-materials consulting contracts is recognized as services are performed.
     PCS includes telephone support, bug fixes and unspecified rights to product upgrades and enhancements, and is recognized ratably over the term of the service period, which is generally 12 months. The Company estimates the fair value of the PCS portion of an arrangement based on the price charged for PCS when sold separately. The Company sells PCS on a separate, standalone basis when customers renew PCS.
     Revenues from contracts for technology integration consulting services are recognized on the percentage-of-completion method. Percentage-of-completion accounting involves calculating the percentage of services provided during the reporting period compared to the total estimated services to be provided over the duration of the contract. If estimates indicate that a contract loss will occur, a loss provision is recorded in the period in which the loss first becomes probable and reasonably estimable. Contract losses are determined to be the amount by which the estimated direct and indirect costs of the contract exceed the estimated total revenues that will be generated by the contract. There were no material contract loss provisions recorded as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009. Revenues recognized in excess of billings are recorded as unbilled services. Billings in excess of revenues recognized are recorded as deferred revenues until revenue recognition criteria are met.
      Initial set-up fees. The Company enters into agreements with its broker-dealer clients pursuant to which the Company provides access to its platform through a non-exclusive and non-transferable license. Broker-dealer clients may pay an initial set-up fee, which is typically due and payable upon execution of the broker-dealer agreement. The initial set-up fee varies by agreement. Revenue is recognized over the initial term of the agreement, which is generally two years.

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
Stock-Based Compensation
     The Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for all share-based payment awards based on their estimated fair values measured as of the grant date. These costs are recognized as an expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations over the requisite service period, which is typically the vesting period, with an offsetting increase to additional paid-in capital.
Income Taxes
     Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability method. Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when such differences are expected to reverse. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is recognized against deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that such assets will not be realized in future years. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in general and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Business Combinations, Goodwill and Intangible Assets
     Business acquisitions were completed prior to December 31, 2008 and were accounted for under the purchase method of accounting. The total cost of an acquisition is allocated to the underlying net assets based on their respective estimated fair values. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. Determining the fair value of certain assets acquired and liabilities assumed is judgmental in nature and often involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions, including assumptions with respect to future cash flows, discount rates, growth rates and asset lives.
     Goodwill and other intangibles with indefinite lives are not amortized. An impairment review of goodwill is performed on an annual basis and more frequently if circumstances change. Intangible assets with definite lives, including purchased technologies, customer relationships and other intangible assets, are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives, ranging from five to ten years. The Company has no intangibles with indefinite lives. Intangible assets are assessed for impairment when events or circumstances indicate the existence of a possible impairment.
Earnings Per Share
     Earnings per share (“EPS”) is calculated using the two-class method. Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net income attributable to common stock by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period, including consideration of the two-class method to the extent that participating securities were outstanding during the period. Under the two-class method, undistributed net income is allocated to common stock and participating securities based on their respective right to share in dividends. The Series B Preferred Stock is convertible into shares of common stock and also includes a right whereby, upon the declaration or payment of a dividend or distribution on the common stock, a dividend or distribution must also be declared or paid on the Series B Preferred Stock based on the number of shares of common stock into which such securities were convertible at the time. Due to these rights, the Series B Preferred Stock is considered a participating security requiring the use of the two-class method for the computation of basic EPS.
     Diluted EPS is computed using the more dilutive of the (a) if-converted method or (b) two-class method. Since the Series B Preferred Stock participates equally with the common stock in dividends and unallocated income, diluted EPS under the if-converted method is equivalent to the two-class method. Weighted-average shares outstanding of common stock reflects the dilutive effect that could occur if convertible securities or other contracts to issue common stock were converted into or exercised for common stock.
Use of Estimates
     The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
     In October 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued authoritative guidance on revenue recognition. The guidance requires entities to allocate revenue in an arrangement with multiple deliverables using estimated selling prices of the

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
delivered goods and services based on a selling price hierarchy. The guidance eliminates the residual method of revenue allocation and requires revenue to be allocated using the relative selling price method. The guidance also removes tangible products from the scope of software revenue guidance and provides guidance on determining whether software deliverables in an arrangement that includes a tangible product are covered by the scope of the software revenue guidance. Adoption will be applied on a prospective basis for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified in fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect adoption of the new revenue recognition guidance to have a material impact on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.
3. Net Capital Requirements and Customer Protection Requirements
     MarketAxess Corporation, a U.S. subsidiary, is a registered broker-dealer with the SEC and is a member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”). MarketAxess Corporation claims exemption from SEC Rule 15c3-3, as it does not hold customer securities or funds on account, as defined. Pursuant to the Uniform Net Capital Rule under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, MarketAxess Corporation is required to maintain minimum net capital, as defined, equal to the greater of $5,000 or 6 2/3% of aggregate indebtedness. MarketAxess Europe Limited, a U.K. subsidiary, is registered as a Multilateral Trading Facility with the Financial Services Authority (“FSA”) in the U.K. MarketAxess Canada Limited, a Canadian subsidiary, is registered as an Alternative Trading System dealer under the Securities Act of Ontario and is a member of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada. MarketAxess Europe Limited and MarketAxess Canada Limited are subject to certain financial resource requirements of the FSA and the Ontario Securities Commission, respectively. The following table sets forth the capital requirements, as defined, that the Company’s subsidiaries were required to maintain as of March 31, 2010:
                         
    MarketAxess     MarketAxess     MarketAxess  
    Corporation     Europe Limited     Canada Limited  
    (In thousands)  
Net capital
  $ 34,918     $ 24,314     $ 446  
Minimum net capital required
    939       2,616       271  
 
                 
Excess net capital
  $ 33,979     $ 21,698     $ 175  
 
                 
     The Company’s regulated subsidiaries are subject to U.S., U.K. and Canadian regulations which prohibit repayment of borrowings from the Company or affiliates, paying cash dividends, making loans to the Company or affiliates or otherwise entering into transactions that result in a significant reduction in regulatory net capital or financial resources, respectively, without prior notification to or approval from such regulated entity’s principal regulator.
4. Fair Value Measurements
     The following table summarizes the valuation of the Company’s assets measured at fair value as categorized based on the hierarchy described in Note 2.
                                 
    Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total  
    (In thousands)  
As of March 31, 2010
                               
Securities available-for-sale
                               
U.S. government obligations
  $     $ 40,538     $     $ 40,538  
Municipal securities
          20,555             20,555  
Corporate bonds
          2,049             2,049  
Foreign currency forward position
          (234 )           (234 )
 
                       
 
  $     $ 62,908     $     $ 62,908  
 
                       
 
                               
As of December 31, 2009
                               
Securities available-for-sale
                               
U.S. government obligations
  $     $ 40,078     $     $ 40,078  
Municipal securities
          28,873             28,873  
Corporate bonds
          2,046             2,046  
Foreign currency forward position
          (259 )           (259 )
 
                       
 
  $     $ 70,738     $     $ 70,738  
 
                       

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
     Securities classified within Level 2 were valued using a market approach utilizing prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving comparable assets. The foreign currency forward contract is classified within Level 2 as the valuation inputs are based on quoted market prices.
     The Company enters into foreign currency forward contracts with a noncontrolling stockholder broker-dealer client to hedge the exposure to variability in foreign currency cash flows resulting from the net investment in the Company’s U.K. subsidiary. The Company assesses each foreign currency forward contract to ensure that it is highly effective at reducing the exposure being hedged. The Company designates each foreign currency forward contract as a hedge, assesses the risk management objective and strategy, including identification of the hedging instrument, the hedged item and the risk exposure and how effectiveness is to be assessed prospectively and retrospectively. These hedges are for a one-month period and are used to limit exposure to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. The gross and net fair value liability of $0.2 million and $0.3 million as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively, is included in accounts payable, in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. Gains or losses on foreign currency forward contracts designated as hedges are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. A summary of the foreign currency forward contract is as follows:
                 
    As of  
    March 31, 2010     December 31, 2009  
    (In thousands)  
Notional value
  $ 25,141     $ 28,040  
Fair value of notional
    25,375       28,299  
 
           
Gross and net fair value liability
  $ (234 )   $ (259 )
 
           
     The following is a summary of the Company’s securities available-for-sale:
                                 
            Gross     Gross     Estimated  
    Amortized     unrealized     unrealized     fair  
    cost     gains     losses     value  
    (In thousands)  
As of March 31, 2010
                               
U.S. government obligations
  $ 39,844     $ 694     $     $ 40,538  
Municipal securities
    20,564             (9 )     20,555  
Corporate bonds
    2,036       13             2,049  
 
                       
Total securities available-for-sale
  $ 62,444     $ 707     $ (9 )   $ 63,142  
 
                       
 
                               
As of December 31, 2009
                               
U.S. government obligations
  $ 39,629     $ 469     $ (20 )   $ 40,078  
Municipal securities
    28,878       4       (9 )     28,873  
Corporate bonds
    2,028       18             2,046  
 
                       
Total securities available-for-sale
  $ 70,535     $ 491     $ (29 )   $ 70,997  
 
                       
     The following table summarizes the contractual maturities of securities available-for-sale:
                 
    As of  
    March 31, 2010     December 31, 2009  
    (In thousands)  
Less than one year
  $ 22,606     $ 30,919  
Due in 1 - 5 years
    40,536       40,078  
 
           
Total securities available-for-sale
  $ 63,142     $ 70,997  
 
           
     Proceeds from the maturities of securities available-for-sale during the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 were $19.3 million and $7.7 million, respectively.

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
     The following table provides fair values and unrealized losses on securities available-for-sale and by the aging of the securities’ continuous unrealized loss position:
                                                 
    Less than Twelve Months     Twelve Months or More     Total  
    Estimated     Gross     Estimated     Gross     Estimated     Gross  
    fair     unrealized     fair     unrealized     fair     unrealized  
    value     losses     value     losses     value     losses  
    (In thousands)  
As of March 31, 2010
                                               
U.S. government obligations
  $     $     $     $     $     $  
Municipal securities
    12,013       (9 )                 12,013       (9 )
Corporate bonds
                                   
 
                                   
Total securities available-for-sale
  $ 12,013     $ (9 )   $     $     $ 12,013     $ (9 )
 
                                   
 
                                               
As of December 31, 2009
                                               
U.S. government obligations
  $ 9,944     $ (20 )   $     $     $ 9,944     $ (20 )
Municipal securities
    13,644       (9 )                 13,644       (9 )
Corporate bonds
                                   
 
                                   
Total securities available-for-sale
  $ 23,588     $ (29 )   $     $     $ 23,588     $ (29 )
 
                                   
5. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
     Goodwill and intangible assets principally relate to the acquisitions of Greenline Financial Technologies, Inc. in 2008 and Trade West Systems, LLC in 2007. Goodwill was $31.8 million as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.
     Intangible assets that are subject to amortization, including the related accumulated amortization, are comprised of the following:
                                                 
    March 31, 2010     December 31, 2009  
            Accumulated     Net Carrying             Accumulated     Net Carrying  
    Cost     Amortization     Amount     Cost     Amortization     Amount  
    (In thousands)  
Technology
  $ 4,010     $ (1,982 )   $ 2,028     $ 4,010     $ (1,807 )   $ 2,203  
Customer relationships
    3,530       (1,235 )     2,295       3,530       (1,119 )     2,411  
Non-competition agreements
    1,260       (522 )     738       1,260       (459 )     801  
Tradenames
    590       (285 )     305       590       (259 )     331  
 
                                   
Total
  $ 9,390     $ (4,024 )   $ 5,366     $ 9,390     $ (3,644 )   $ 5,746  
 
                                   
     Amortization expense associated with identifiable intangible assets was $0.4 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009. Estimated total amortization expense is $1.5 million for 2010 and 2011, $1.4 million for 2012, $0.5 million for 2013 and $0.3 million for 2014.

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
6. Income Taxes
     The provision for income taxes consists of the following:
                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands)  
Current:
               
Federal
  $ 164     $  
State and local
    (33 )      
Foreign
    522       68  
 
           
Total current provision
    653       68  
 
           
Deferred:
               
Federal
    2,938       916  
State and local
    721       486  
Foreign
    72       422  
 
           
Total deferred provision
    3,731       1,824  
 
           
Provision for income taxes
  $ 4,384     $ 1,892  
 
           
     The following is a summary of the Company’s net deferred tax assets:
                 
    As of  
    March 31, 2010     December 31, 2009  
    (In thousands)  
Deferred tax assets and liabilities
  $ 21,310     $ 24,646  
Valuation allowance
    (682 )     (666 )
 
           
Deferred tax assets, net
  $ 20,628     $ 23,980  
 
           
     As of March 31, 2010, the Company had deferred tax assets associated with stock-based compensation of approximately $5.3 million. There is a risk that the ultimate tax benefit realized upon the exercise of stock options or vesting of restricted stock could be less than the tax benefit previously recognized and in a manner sufficient to exhaust the additional paid-in capital pool. If this should occur, any excess tax benefit previously recognized would be reversed, resulting in an increase in tax expense. Since the tax benefit to be realized in the future is unknown, it is not currently possible to estimate the impact on the deferred tax balance. As of March 31, 2010, the additional paid-in-capital pool was approximately $3.4 million.
     The Company or one of its subsidiaries files U.S. federal, state and foreign income tax returns. No income tax returns have been audited, with the exception of New York city and state (through 2003) and Connecticut state (through 2003) tax returns. The Company’s New York state franchise tax returns for 2004 through 2006 are currently under examination. The Company cannot estimate when the examination will conclude.

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
7. Related Parties
     The Company generates commissions, technology products and services revenues, information and user access fees, investment income and other income and related accounts receivable balances from Stockholder Broker-Dealer Clients or their affiliates. In addition, a Stockholder Broker-Dealer Client acts in an investment advisory, custodial and cash management capacity for the Company. The Company incurs investment advisory and bank fees in connection with this arrangement. As of the dates and for the periods indicated below, the Company had the following balances and transactions with the Stockholder Broker-Dealer Clients or their affiliates:
                 
    As of  
    March 31, 2010     December 31, 2009  
    (In thousands)  
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 100,201     $ 101,273  
Securities and cash provided as collateral
    4,035       4,067  
Accounts receivable
    3,038       3,431  
Accounts payable
    32       29  
                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands)  
Commissions
  $ 3,919     $ 3,070  
Technology products and services
    7       9  
Information and user access fees
    70       61  
Investment income
    23       90  
Other income
    56       42  
General and administrative
    27       18  
8. Stock-Based Compensation Plans
     Stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 was as follows:
                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands)  
Employee:
               
Stock options
  $ 439     $ 772  
Restricted stock and performance shares
    1,601       1,153  
 
           
 
    2,040       1,925  
 
           
Non-employee directors:
               
Stock options
    54       33  
Restricted stock
    100       81  
 
           
 
    154       114  
 
           
Total stock-based compensation
  $ 2,194     $ 2,039  
 
           
     The Company records stock-based compensation for employees in employee compensation and benefits and for non-employee directors in general and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
     During the three months ended March 31, 2010, the Company granted to employees a total of 4,502 options to purchase shares of common stock, 351,369 shares of restricted stock and performance-based shares with an expected pay-out of 90,532 shares of common stock. Based on the Black-Scholes option pricing model, the weighted-average fair value for each option granted was $5.62 per share. The fair value of the restricted stock and performance-based share awards was based on a weighted-average grant date fair value per share of $14.29. As of March 31, 2010, there was $14.0 million of total unrecognized compensation costs related to non-vested awards. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.4 years.

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
9. Earnings Per Share
     The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per common share.
                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands, except share and  
    per share amounts)  
Basic EPS
               
Net income
  $ 6,701     $ 2,839  
Amount allocable to common shareholders
    90.6 %     90.5 %
 
           
Net income applicable to common stock
  $ 6,069     $ 2,568  
 
               
Common stock — voting
    31,039,858       30,597,822  
Common stock — non-voting
    2,585,654       2,585,654  
 
           
Basic weighted average shares outstanding
    33,625,512       33,183,476  
 
           
Basic earnings per share
  $ 0.18     $ 0.08  
 
           
 
               
Diluted EPS
               
Net income
  $ 6,701     $ 2,839  
 
               
Basic weighted average shares outstanding
    33,625,512       33,183,476  
Effect of dilutive shares:
               
Series B Preferred Stock
    3,500,000       3,500,000  
Stock options, restricted stock and warrants
    2,179,962       833,486  
 
           
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
    39,305,474       37,516,962  
 
           
Diluted earnings per share
  $ 0.17     $ 0.08  
 
           
     Stock options, restricted stock and warrants totaling 0.7 million shares and 5.2 million shares for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share because their effect would have been antidilutive. The computation of diluted shares can vary among periods due, in part, to the change in the average price of the Company’s common stock.
10. Commitments and Contingencies
     The Company leases office space and equipment under non-cancelable lease agreements expiring at various dates through 2022. Office space leases are subject to escalation based on certain costs incurred by the landlord. Minimum rental commitments under such operating and capital leases, net of sublease income, as of March 31, 2010 were as follows:
                 
    Operating     Capital  
    Leases     Leases  
    (In thousands)  
Remainder of 2010
  $ 1,127     $ 252  
2011
    1,972       336  
2012
    1,915       336  
2013
    1,922       322  
2014
    1,964       42  
2015
    2,006        
Thereafter
    10,976        
 
           
Minimum lease payments
    21,882       1,288  
Less amount representing interest
          167  
 
           
 
  $ 21,882     $ 1,121  
 
           

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
     Rental expense for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 was $0.8 million and $0.6 million, respectively, and is included in occupancy expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Rental expense has been recorded based on the total minimum lease payments after giving effect to rent abatement and concessions, which are being amortized on a straight-line basis over the life of the lease, and sublease income.
     The Company has entered into a sublease agreement on one of its leased properties through the April 2011 lease termination date. In May 2008, the Company assigned the lease agreement on another leased property to a third party. The Company is contingently liable should the assignee default on future lease obligations through the November 2015 lease termination date. The aggregate amount of future lease obligations under these two arrangements was $3.2 million as of March 31, 2010.
     The Company is contingently obligated for standby letters of credit that were issued to landlords for office space. The Company uses a U.S. government obligation as collateral for these standby letters of credit. This collateral is included with securities and cash provided as collateral in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition and had a fair market value of $3.5 million as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009.
     The Company, through two regulated subsidiaries, executes certain bond transactions between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a riskless principal basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller in matching back-to-back trades, which are then settled through a third-party clearing organization. The Company acts as intermediary on a riskless principal basis in these bond transactions by serving as counterparty to the two clients involved. Settlement typically occurs within one to three trading days after the trade date. Cash settlement of the transaction occurs upon receipt or delivery of the underlying instrument that was traded. Under securities clearing agreements with the independent third party, the Company maintains a collateral deposit with the clearing broker in the form of cash. As of March 31, 2010, the collateral deposit included in securities and cash provided as collateral in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition was $0.9 million. The Company is exposed to credit risk in the event a counterparty does not fulfill its obligation to complete a transaction. Pursuant to the terms of the securities clearing agreements between the Company and the independent clearing broker, the clearing broker has the right to charge the Company for losses resulting from a counterparty’s failure to fulfill its contractual obligations. The losses are not capped at a maximum amount and apply to all trades executed through the clearing broker. At March 31, 2010, the Company has not recorded any liabilities with regard to this right.
     In the normal course of business, the Company enters into contracts that contain a variety of representations, warranties and general indemnifications. The Company’s maximum exposure under these arrangements is unknown, as this would involve future claims that may be made against the Company that have not yet occurred. However, based on experience, the Company expects the risk of loss to be remote.
     In January 2007, a former employee of MarketAxess Corporation commenced an arbitration proceeding before FINRA arising out of the May 2006 termination of such individual’s employment with MarketAxess Corporation. This individual subsequently amended his statement of claim to add the Company as a party to the arbitration proceeding. FINRA consolidated all of the former employee’s claims into a single proceeding.
     The former employee alleges that the Company acted wrongfully as a result of, and in connection with, the decision by the Compensation Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors not to accede to the employee’s demand for alteration of the terms of certain stock option and restricted stock agreements in order to award the employee additional rights and benefits upon the termination of his employment, i.e. , accelerated vesting of all of his then unvested options and shares of restricted stock and waiver of the 90-day time period within which he was contractually required to exercise his vested options. This former employee further alleges that he is entitled to a bonus for the approximately five months that he worked for MarketAxess Corporation during 2006. The alleged damages sought by the claimant total approximately $0.9 million, plus statutory interest, and an unstated amount of punitive damages, costs and expenses.
     The FINRA hearing, originally scheduled for February 2009, was further postponed in September 2009 and again in February 2010 and is currently scheduled to take place in June 2010. The Company believes that the former employee’s claims are wholly without merit and has vigorously defended against them. Based on currently available information, the Company believes that the likelihood of a material loss is not probable. Accordingly, no amount has been provided in the accompanying financial statements. However, arbitration is subject to inherent uncertainties and unfavorable rulings could occur.

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
11. Comprehensive Income
     Comprehensive income was as follows:
                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands)  
Net income
  $ 6,701     $ 2,839  
Cumulative translation adjustment and foreign currency exchange hedge, net of taxes
    (193 )     (83 )
Unrealized net gain on securities available- for-sale, net of taxes
    145       41  
 
           
Total comprehensive income
  $ 6,653     $ 2,797  
 
           
12. Customer Concentration
     During the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, no single client accounted for more than 10% of total revenue. One client accounted for 16.3% and 11.6% of trading volumes during the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Forward-Looking Statements
      This report contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements may be identified by words such as “expects,” “intends,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “will,” or words of similar meaning and include, but are not limited to, statements regarding the outlook for our future business and financial performance. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and assumptions, which are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. It is routine for our internal projections and expectations to change as the year or each quarter in the year progresses, and therefore it should be clearly understood that the internal projections and beliefs upon which we base our expectations may change prior to the end of each quarter or the year. Although these expectations may change, we are under no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements contained in this report. Our company policy is generally to provide our expectations only once per quarter, and not to update that information until the next quarter. Actual future events or results may differ materially from those contained in the projections or forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include those discussed below and elsewhere in this report, particularly in the section captioned Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”
Executive Overview
     MarketAxess operates a leading electronic trading platform that allows investment industry professionals to efficiently trade corporate bonds and other types of fixed-income instruments. Our 758 active institutional investor clients (firms that executed at least one trade in U.S. or European fixed-income securities through our electronic trading platform between April 2009 and March 2010) include investment advisers, mutual funds, insurance companies, public and private pension funds, bank portfolios, broker-dealers and hedge funds. Our 72 broker-dealer market-maker clients provide liquidity on the platform and include most of the leading broker-dealers in global fixed-income trading. Our DealerAxess ® trading service allows dealers to trade fixed-income securities and credit default swaps with each other on our platform. Through our Corporate BondTicker™ service, we provide fixed-income market data, analytics and compliance tools that help our clients make trading decisions. In addition, we provide FIX (Financial Information eXchange) message management tools, connectivity solutions and ancillary technology services that facilitate the electronic communication of order information between trading counterparties. Our revenues are primarily generated from the trading of U.S. and European high-grade corporate bonds.
     Our multi-dealer trading platform allows our institutional investor clients to simultaneously request competing, executable bids or offers from our broker-dealer clients and execute trades with the broker-dealer of their choice from among those that choose to respond. We offer our broker-dealer clients a solution that enables them to efficiently reach our institutional investor clients for the distribution and trading of bonds. In addition to U.S. high-grade corporate bonds, European high-grade corporate bonds and emerging markets bonds, including both investment-grade and non-investment grade debt, we also offer our clients the ability to trade crossover and high-yield bonds, agency bonds and credit default swap indices.
     The majority of our revenues are derived from monthly distribution fees and commissions for trades executed on our platform that are billed to our broker-dealer clients on a monthly basis. We also derive revenues from technology products and services, information and user access fees, investment income and other income. Our expenses consist of employee compensation and benefits, depreciation and amortization, technology and communication expenses, professional and consulting fees, occupancy, marketing and advertising and other general and administrative expenses.
          Our objective is to provide the leading global electronic trading platform for fixed-income securities, connecting broker-dealers and institutional investors more easily and efficiently, while offering a broad array of information, trading and technology services to market participants across the trading cycle. The key elements of our strategy are:
    to innovate and efficiently add new functionality and product offerings to the MarketAxess platform that we believe will help to increase our market share with existing clients, as well as expand our client base;
    to leverage our technology, as well as our strong broker-dealer and institutional investor relationships, to deploy our electronic trading platform into additional product segments within the fixed-income securities markets, deliver fixed-income securities-related technical services and products and deploy our electronic trading platform into new client segments;

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    to continue building our existing service offerings so that our electronic trading platform is fully integrated into the workflow of our broker-dealer and institutional investor clients and to continue to add functionality to allow our clients to achieve a fully automated end-to-end straight-through processing solution (automation from trade initiation to settlement);
    to add new content and analytical capabilities to Corporate BondTicker™ in order to improve the value of the information we provide to our clients; and
    to continue to supplement our internal growth by entering into strategic alliances, or acquiring businesses or technologies that will enable us to enter new markets, provide new products or services, or otherwise enhance the value of our platform to our clients.
Critical Factors Affecting Our Industry and Our Company
Economic, Political and Market Factors
     The global fixed-income securities industry is risky and volatile and is directly affected by a number of economic, political and market factors that may result in declining trading volume. These factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. These factors include, among others, credit market conditions, the current interest rate environment, including the volatility of interest rates and investors’ forecasts of future interest rates, economic and political conditions in the United States, Europe and elsewhere, and consolidation or contraction of broker-dealers.
Competitive Landscape
     The global fixed-income securities industry generally, and the electronic financial services markets in which we engage in particular, are highly competitive, and we expect competition to intensify in the future. Sources of competition for us will continue to include, among others, bond trading conducted directly between broker-dealers and their institutional investor clients over the telephone or electronically and other multi-dealer trading companies. Competitors, including companies in which some of our broker-dealer clients have invested, have developed electronic trading platforms or have announced their intention to explore the development of electronic platforms that may compete with us.
     In general, we compete on the basis of a number of key factors, including, among others, the liquidity provided on our platform, the magnitude and frequency of price improvement enabled by our platform and the quality and speed of execution. We believe that we compete favorably with respect to these factors. We continue to proactively build technology solutions that serve the needs of the credit markets.
     Our competitive position is also enhanced by the familiarity and integration of our broker-dealer and institutional investor clients with our electronic trading platform and other systems. We have focused on the unique aspects of the credit markets we serve in the development of our platform, working closely with our clients to provide a system that is suited to their needs.
Regulatory Environment
     Our industry has been and is subject to continuous regulatory changes and may become subject to new regulations or changes in the interpretation or enforcement of existing regulations, which could require us to incur significant costs.
     Our U.S. subsidiary, MarketAxess Corporation, is a registered broker-dealer with the SEC and is a member of FINRA. Our U.K. subsidiary, MarketAxess Europe Limited, is registered as a multilateral trading facility dealer with the FSA in the U.K. MarketAxess Canada Limited, a Canadian subsidiary, is registered as an Alternative Trading System dealer under the Securities Act of Ontario and is a member of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada. Relevant regulations prohibit repayment of borrowings from these subsidiaries or their affiliates, paying cash dividends, making loans to us or our affiliates or otherwise entering into transactions that result in a significant reduction in regulatory net capital or financial resources, without prior notification to or approval from such regulated entity’s principal regulator.
     As a public company listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, we are subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and NASDAQ rules. The requirements of these rules and regulations impose legal and financial compliance costs, make some activities more difficult, time-consuming and/or costly and may also place a strain on

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our systems and resources. In order to maintain and improve the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting, significant resources and management oversight are required.
   Rapid Technological Changes
     We must continue to enhance and improve our electronic trading platform. The electronic financial services industry is characterized by increasingly complex systems and infrastructures and new business models. Our future success will depend on our ability to enhance our existing products and services, develop and/or license new products and technologies that address the increasingly sophisticated and varied needs of our broker-dealer and institutional investor clients and prospective clients and respond to technological advances and emerging industry standards and practices on a cost-effective and timely basis. We received five patents in 2009 covering our most significant trading protocols and other aspects of our trading system technology, and other patents are pending.
Trends in Our Business
     The majority of our revenues are derived from monthly distribution fees and commissions for transactions executed on our platform between our institutional investor and broker-dealer clients. We believe that there are five key variables that impact the notional value of such transactions on our platform and the amount of commissions and distribution fees earned by us:
    the number of institutional investor clients that participate on the platform and their willingness to originate transactions through the platform;
 
    the number of broker-dealer clients on the platform and the frequency and competitiveness of the price responses they provide to the institutional investor clients;
 
    the number of markets for which we make trading available to our clients;
 
    the overall level of activity in these markets; and
 
    the level of commissions that we collect for trades executed through the platform.
     We believe that overall corporate bond market trading volume is affected by various factors including the absolute levels of interest rates, the direction of interest rate movements, the level of new issues of corporate bonds and the volatility of corporate bond spreads versus U.S. Treasury securities. Because a significant percentage of our revenue is tied directly to the volume of securities traded on our platform, it is likely that a general decline in trading volumes, regardless of the cause of such decline, would reduce our revenues and have a significant negative impact on profitability.
     The U.S. and European credit markets have been through a period of significant turmoil since the third quarter of 2007, especially in short-term funding and floating rate note instruments. A widespread retrenchment in the credit markets resulted in increased credit spreads and significantly higher credit spread volatility across a wide range of asset classes. Credit yield spreads in U.S. corporate bonds, as measured by the Credit Suisse Liquid U.S. Corporate Index, increased from 1.0% over U.S. Treasuries in June 2007 to a peak of 5.4% in December 2008. The credit markets demonstrated significant improvement throughout 2009 and early 2010. Credit yield spreads in U.S. corporate bonds declined to 1.2% over U.S. Treasuries as of March 31, 2010. The average daily trading volume of U.S. high-grade corporate bonds for the quarter ended March 31, 2010, as measured by the FINRA Trade Reporting and Compliance Engine (“TRACE”), was $12.8 billion, compared to $10.6 billion in the quarter ended March 31, 2009.
Commission Revenue
     Commissions are generally calculated as a percentage of the notional dollar volume of bonds traded on our platform and vary based on the type, size, yield and maturity of the bond traded. The commission rates are based on a number of factors, including fees charged by inter-dealer brokers in the respective markets, average bid-offer spreads in the products we offer and transaction costs through alternative channels including the telephone. Under our transaction fee plans, bonds that are more actively traded or that have shorter maturities are generally charged lower commissions, while bonds that are less actively traded or that have longer maturities generally command higher commissions.

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      U.S. High-Grade Corporate Bond Commissions. Our U.S. high-grade corporate bond fee plans for fully electronic trades generally incorporate various monthly distribution fees and variable transaction fees billed to our broker-dealer clients on a monthly basis. The fee plans generally incorporate volume incentives to our broker-dealer clients that are designed to increase the volume of transactions effected on our platform. Under the fee plans, we electronically add the transaction fee to the spread quoted by the broker-dealer client. For trades that we execute between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a riskless principal basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller, we earn our commission through the difference in price between the two back-to-back trades.
      Eurobond Commissions. Similar to the U.S. high-grade plans, our European fee plan incorporates monthly distribution fees as well as variable transaction fees. The variable transaction fee under the new plan is dependent on the type of bond traded and the maturity of the issue.
      Other Commissions. Commissions for other bond and credit default swap trades generally vary based on the type and the maturity of the instrument traded. We generally operate using standard fee schedules that may include both transaction fees and monthly distribution fees that are charged to the participating dealers. For trades that we execute between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a riskless principal basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller, we earn our commission through the difference in price between the two back-to-back trades.
     We anticipate that average fees per million may change in the future. Consequently, past trends in commissions are not necessarily indicative of future commissions.
   Other Revenue
     In addition to the commissions discussed above, we earn revenue from technology products and services, information services fees paid by institutional investor and broker-dealer clients, income on investments and other income.
      Technology Products and Services. Technology products and services includes software licenses, maintenance and support services and professional consulting services, In March 2008, we acquired Greenline Financial Technologies, Inc. (“Greenline”), an Illinois-based provider of integration, testing and management solutions for FIX-related products and services. In November 2007, we acquired certain assets of Trade West Systems, LLC (“TWS”), a Utah-based financial software and technology services provider focused on providing gateway adapters for connecting order management systems and trading systems to fixed-income trading venues.
      Information and User Access Fees. We charge information services fees for Corporate BondTicker TM to our broker-dealer clients, institutional investor clients and data-only subscribers. The information services fee is a flat monthly fee, based on the level of service. We also generate information services fees from the sale of bulk data to certain institutional investor clients and data-only subscribers. Institutional investor clients trading U.S. high-grade corporate bonds are charged a monthly user access fee for the use of our platform. The fee, billed quarterly, is charged to the client based on the number of the client’s users. To encourage institutional investor clients to execute trades on our platform, we reduce these information and user access fees for such clients once minimum quarterly trading volumes are attained.
      Investment Income. Investment income consists of income earned on our investments.
      Other. Other revenues include fees from telecommunications line charges to broker-dealer clients, initial set-up fees and other miscellaneous revenues.
      Expenses
    In the normal course of business, we incur the following expenses:
     Employee Compensation and Benefits. Employee compensation and benefits is our most significant expense and includes employee salaries, stock compensation costs, other incentive compensation, employee benefits and payroll taxes.
      Depreciation and Amortization. We depreciate our computer hardware and related software, office hardware and furniture and fixtures and amortize our capitalized software development costs on a straight-line basis over three to seven years. We amortize leasehold improvements on a straight-line basis over the lesser of the life of the improvement or the remaining term of the lease.

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Intangible assets with definite lives, including purchased technologies, customer relationships and other intangible assets, are amortized over their estimated useful lives, ranging from five to ten years. Intangible assets are assessed for impairment when events or circumstances indicate a possible impairment.
      Technology and Communications. Technology and communications expense consists primarily of costs relating to maintenance on software and hardware, our internal network connections, data center hosting costs and data feeds provided by outside vendors or service providers. The majority of our broker-dealer clients have dedicated high-speed communication lines to our network in order to provide fast data transfer. We charge our broker-dealer clients a monthly fee for these connections, which is recovered against the relevant expenses we incur.
      Professional and Consulting Fees. Professional and consulting fees consist primarily of accounting fees, legal fees and fees paid to information technology and non-information technology consultants for services provided for the maintenance of our trading platform and information services products.
      Occupancy. Occupancy costs consist primarily of office and equipment rent, utilities and commercial rent tax.
      Marketing and Advertising. Marketing and advertising expense consists primarily of print and other advertising expenses we incur to promote our products and services. This expense also includes costs associated with attending or exhibiting at industry-sponsored seminars, conferences and conventions, and travel and entertainment expenses incurred by our sales force to promote our trading platform and information services.
      General and Administrative. General and administrative expense consists primarily of general travel and entertainment, board of directors expenses, charitable contributions, provision for doubtful accounts, and various state franchise and U.K. value-added taxes.
     Expenses may grow in the future, primarily due to investment in new products, notably in employee compensation and benefits, professional and consulting fees, and general and administrative expense. However, as demonstrated by our 2009 operating results, we believe that operating leverage can be achieved by increasing volumes in existing products and adding new products without substantial additions to our infrastructure.
Critical Accounting Estimates
     This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations discusses our Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, also referred to as U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting periods. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates under varying assumptions or conditions. Note 2 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements includes a summary of the significant accounting policies and methods used in the preparation of our Consolidated Financial Statements. There were no significant changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates during the three months ended March 31, 2010, as compared to those we disclosed in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009.
   Segment Results
     As an electronic, multi-dealer platform for trading fixed-income securities, our operations constitute a single business segment. Because of the highly integrated nature of the financial markets in which we compete and the integration of our worldwide business activities, we believe that results by geographic region, products or types of clients are not necessarily meaningful in understanding our business.

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Results of Operations
   Three Months Ended March 31, 2010 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2009
   Overview
     Total revenues increased by $10.3 million or 41.6% to $34.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from $24.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. This increase in total revenues was primarily due to increases in commissions of $8.9 million and technology products and services revenues of $1.1 million.
     Total expenses increased by $3.9 million or 19.6% to $23.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from $19.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010. The increase was primarily due to higher employee compensation and benefits of $2.5 million and general and administrative expense of $0.9 million.
     Income before taxes increased by $6.4 million or 134.3% to $11.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from $4.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. Net income increased by $3.9 million or 136.1% to $6.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from $2.8 million for three months ended March 31, 2009.
   Revenues
     Our revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, and the resulting dollar and percentage changes, were as follows:
                                                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009              
            % of             % of     $     %  
    $     Revenues     $     Revenues     Change     Change  
 
  ($ in thousands)  
Commissions
  $ 29,307       84.0 %   $ 20,446       83.0 %   $ 8,861       43.3 %
Technology products and services
    3,164       9.1       2,023       8.2       1,141       56.4  
Information and user access fees
    1,634       4.7       1,655       6.7       (21 )     (1.3 )
Investment income
    291       0.8       332       1.3       (41 )     (12.3 )
Other
    488       1.4       176       0.7       312       177.3  
 
                                         
Total revenues
  $ 34,884       100.0 %   $ 24,632       100.0 %   $ 10,252       41.6 %
 
                                         
      Commissions. Our commission revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, and the resulting dollar and percentage changes, were as follows:
                                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
                    $     %  
    2010     2009     Change     Change  
            ($ in thousands)          
Distribution fees
                               
U.S. high-grade
  $ 8,981     $ 7,068     $ 1,913       27.1 %
Eurobond
    3,267       2,976       291       9.8  
 
                         
Total distribution fees
    12,248       10,044       2,204       21.9  
Variable transaction fees
                               
U.S. high-grade
    10,795       6,447       4,348       67.4  
Eurobond
    2,225       1,166       1,059       90.8  
Other
    4,039       2,789       1,250       44.8  
 
                         
Total variable transaction fees
    17,059       10,402       6,657       64.0  
 
                         
Total commissions
  $ 29,307     $ 20,446     $ 8,861       43.3 %
 
                         
     The $2.2 million increase in distribution fees for the three months ended March 31, 2010 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2009 is due principally to the additional broker-dealer market makers on the platform.

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     The following table shows the extent to which the increase in commissions for the three months ended March 31, 2010 was attributable to changes in transaction volumes, variable transaction fees per million and monthly distribution fees:
                                 
    Change from Three Months Ended March 31, 2009  
    U.S.                    
    High-Grade     Eurobond     Other     Total  
    (In thousands)  
Volume increase
  $ 4,318     $ 888     $ 1,486     $ 6,692  
Variable transaction fee per million increase (decrease)
    30       171       (236 )     (35 )
Monthly distribution fees increase
    1,913       291             2,204  
 
                       
Total commissions increase
  $ 6,261     $ 1,350     $ 1,250     $ 8,861  
 
                       
     Our trading volumes for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 were as follows:
                                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
                    $     %  
    2010     2009     Change     Change  
Trading Volume Data (in millions)
                               
U.S. high-grade
  $ 61,511     $ 36,839     $ 24,672       67.0 %
Eurobond
    16,019       9,092       6,927       76.2  
Other
    21,672       14,140       7,532       53.3  
 
                         
Total
  $ 99,202     $ 60,071     $ 39,131       65.1 %
 
                         
 
                               
Number of U.S. Trading Days
    61       61                  
Number of U.K. Trading Days
    63       63                  
     For volume reporting purposes, transactions in foreign currencies are converted to U.S. dollars at average monthly rates. The 67.0% increase in U.S. high-grade volume was principally due to an increase in the Company’s estimated market share of total U.S. high-grade corporate bond volume as reported by FINRA TRACE from 5.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2009 to 7.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and an increase in overall market volume as measured by FINRA TRACE. Estimated FINRA TRACE U.S. high-grade volume increased by 20.8% from $644.3 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2009 to $778.0 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2010. Eurobond volumes increased by 76.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2010 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2009. Other volume increased by 53.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2010 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2009, primarily due to emerging markets and agencies volume.
     Our average variable transaction fee per million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 was as follows:
                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009  
Average Variable Transaction Fee Per Million
               
U.S. high-grade
  $ 175     $ 175  
Eurobond
  $ 139     $ 128  
Other
  $ 186     $ 197  
All Products
  $ 172     $ 173  
     The U.S. high-grade average variable transaction fee per million was $175 for both the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2010. The Eurobond average variable transaction fee per million increased from $128 for the three months ended March 31, 2009 to $139 for the three months ended March 31, 2010, primarily due to a larger percentage of Eurobond volume in products that carry higher fees per million, principally fixed Sterling and high-yield bonds. Other average variable transaction fee per million decreased from $197 for the three months ended March 31, 2009 to $186 for the three months ended March 31, 2010, primarily due to a larger percentage of Other volume in products that carry lower fees per million, principally emerging markets and agencies bonds.

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      Technology Products and Services. Technology products and services revenues increased by $1.1 million or 56.4% to $3.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from $2.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. The increase was primarily a result of higher technology integration consulting services.
      Information and User Access Fees. Information and user access fees decreased by 1.3% to $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009.
      Investment Income. Investment income was $0.3 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009.
      Other. Other revenues increased by $0.3 million or 177.3% to $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. The increase was primarily a result of initial set-up fees from broker-dealer clients.
Expenses
     Our expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, and the resulting dollar and percentage changes, were as follows:
                                                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009              
            % of             % of     $     %  
    $     Revenues     $     Revenues     Change     Change  
    ($ in thousands)  
Employee compensation and benefits
  $ 13,933       39.9 %   $ 11,442       46.5 %   $ 2,491       21.8 %
Depreciation and amortization
    1,616       4.6       1,791       7.3       (175 )     (9.8 )
Technology and communications
    2,417       6.9       2,242       9.1       175       7.8  
Professional and consulting fees
    2,138       6.1       1,879       7.6       259       13.8  
Occupancy
    938       2.7       676       2.7       262       38.8  
Marketing and advertising
    628       1.8       645       2.6       (17 )     (2.6 )
General and administrative
    2,129       6.1       1,226       5.0       903       73.7  
 
                                         
Total expenses
  $ 23,799       68.2 %   $ 19,901       80.8 %   $ 3,898       19.6 %
 
                                         
      Employee Compensation and Benefits. Employee compensation and benefits increased by $2.5 million or 21.8% to $13.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from $11.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. This increase was primarily attributable to higher incentive compensation of $1.4 million, salaries of $0.5 million due to increased headcount, and benefits and employment taxes of $0.5 million.
      Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization decreased by $0.2 million or 9.8% to $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from $1.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. The decrease was primarily attributable to lower amortization of software development costs. For the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, we capitalized $2.9 million and $0.5 million, respectively, of leasehold improvements and equipment purchases and $0.5 million and $0.4 million, respectively, of software development costs. The 2010 leasehold improvement and equipment expenditures included $2.4 million associated with the move of our corporate offices to new premises in New York city in the first quarter of 2010.
      Technology and Communications. Technology and communications expenses increased by $0.2 million or 7.8% to $2.4 for the three months ended March 31, 2010 from $2.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. The increase was attributable to higher license and maintenance support expense.
      Professional and Consulting Fees. Professional and consulting fees increased by $0.3 million or 13.8% to $2.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from $1.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. The increase was principally due to higher technology consulting costs.

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      Occupancy. Occupancy costs increased by $0.3 million or 38.8% to $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 from $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. The increase was principally due to a two-month overlap in rental costs for both our old and new premises leased in New York city.
      Marketing and Advertising. Marketing and advertising expenses were $0.6 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009.
      General and Administrative. General and administrative expenses increased by $0.9 million or 73.7% to $2.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from $1.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. The increase was primarily due to higher charitable contributions of $0.2 million, general travel and entertainment expense of $0.2 million and an increase in charges for doubtful accounts and move-related costs.
      Provision for Income Tax . For the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, we recorded an income tax provision of $4.4 million and $1.9 million, respectively. The increase in the tax provision was primarily attributable to the $6.4 million increase in pre-tax income for the period. With the exception of the payment of certain foreign and state and local taxes, the provision for income taxes was a non-cash expense since we had available net operating loss carryforwards and tax credits to offset the cash payment of taxes.
     Our consolidated effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2010 was 39.5%, compared to 40.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2009. Our consolidated effective tax rate can vary from period to period depending on, among other factors, the geographic and business mix of our earnings and changes in tax legislation and tax rates. Due to our net deferred tax asset balance, a decrease in tax rates results in a reduction in our deferred tax balance and an increase in tax expense.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
     During the past three years, we have met our cash needs through cash on hand, internally generated funds and the issuance of Series B Preferred Stock. Cash and cash equivalents and securities available-for-sale totaled $167.7 million at March 31, 2010. Other than equipment-related capital lease obligations amounting to $1.1 million as of March 31, 2010, we have no long-term or short-term debt and do not maintain bank lines of credit.
     Our cash flows were as follows:
                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands)  
Net cash used in operating activities
  $ (81 )   $ (2,330 )
Net cash provided by investing activities
    4,789       5,478  
Net cash used in financing activities
    (3,198 )     (506 )
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
    (299 )     (142 )
 
           
Net increase for the period
  $ 1,211     $ 2,500  
 
           
     We define free cash flow as cash flow from operating activities less expenditures for furniture, equipment and leasehold improvements and capitalized software development costs. For the 12 months ended March 31, 2010, free cash flow was $36.3 million.
     Net cash used in operating activities was $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 compared to $2.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. The $2.2 million decrease in net cash used in operating activities was primarily due to an improvement in net income of $3.9 million and higher non-cash deferred income taxes of $1.2 million, offset by an increase in cash used for working capital of $3.1 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2010, annual bonus payments were $14.1 million compared to $9.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009.
     Net cash provided by investing activities was $4.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 compared to $5.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. Net maturities of securities available-for-sale were $8.1 million and $7.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2010, leasehold improvements and equipment expenditures included $2.4 million associated with the move of our corporate offices to new premises in New York

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City in the first quarter of 2010. During the three months ended March 31, 2009, we made a $1.4 million earn-out payment related to the acquisition of Greenline.
     Net cash used in financing activities was $3.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 compared to $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009. The $2.7 million increase in net cash used in financing activities was principally due to cash dividends on common stock and Series B preferred stock of $2.7 million.
     Past trends of cash flows are not necessarily indicative of future cash flow levels. A decrease in cash flows may have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, business and financial condition.
Other Factors Influencing Liquidity and Capital Resources
     We are dependent on our broker-dealer clients, who are not restricted from buying and selling fixed-income securities, directly or through their own proprietary or third-party platforms, with institutional investors. None of our broker-dealer clients is contractually or otherwise obligated to continue to use our electronic trading platform. The loss of, or a significant reduction in the use of our electronic platform by, our broker-dealer clients could reduce our cash flows, affect our liquidity and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
     We believe that our current resources are adequate to meet our liquidity needs and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next 12 months. However, our future liquidity and capital requirements will depend on a number of factors, including expenses associated with product development and expansion and new business opportunities that are intended to further diversify our revenue stream. We may also acquire or invest in technologies, business ventures or products that are complementary to our business. In the event we require any additional financing, it will take the form of equity or debt financing. Any additional equity offerings may result in dilution to our stockholders. Any debt financings, if available at all, may involve restrictive covenants with respect to dividends, issuances of additional capital and other financial and operational matters related to our business.
     We have three regulated subsidiaries, MarketAxess Corporation, MarketAxess Europe Limited and MarketAxess Canada Ltd. MarketAxess Corporation is a registered broker-dealer in the U.S., MarketAxess Europe Limited is a registered multilateral trading facility in the U.K. and MarketAxess Canada Ltd. is a registered Alternative Trading System in the Province of Ontario. As such, they are subject to minimum regulatory capital requirements imposed by their respective market regulators that are intended to ensure general financial soundness and liquidity based on certain minimum capital requirements. The relevant regulations prohibit a registrant from repaying borrowings from its parent or affiliates, paying cash dividends, making loans to its parent or affiliates or otherwise entering into transactions that result in a significant reduction in its regulatory net capital position without prior notification to or approval from its principal regulator. The capital structures of our subsidiaries are designed to provide each with capital and liquidity consistent with its business and regulatory requirements. The following table sets forth the capital requirements, as defined, that the Company’s subsidiaries were required to maintain as of March 31, 2010:
                         
    MarketAxess     MarketAxess     MarketAxess  
    Corporation     Europe Limited     Canada Limited  
    (In thousands)  
Net capital
  $ 34,918     $ 24,314     $ 446  
Minimum net capital required
    939       2,616       271  
 
                 
Excess net capital
  $ 33,979     $ 21,698     $ 175  
 
                 
     We execute certain bond transactions between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a riskless principal basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller in matching back-to-back trades, which are then settled through a third-party clearing organization. We act as intermediary on a riskless principal basis in these bond transactions by serving as counterparty to the two clients involved. Settlement typically occurs within one to three trading days after the trade date. Cash settlement of the transaction occurs upon receipt or delivery of the underlying instrument that was traded. Under securities clearing agreements with the independent third party, we maintain collateral deposits with the clearing broker in the form of cash or U.S. government securities. As of March 31, 2010, the collateral deposits included in securities and cash provided as collateral in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition was $0.9 million. We are exposed to credit risk in the event a counterparty does not fulfill its obligation to complete a transaction. Pursuant to the terms of the securities clearing agreements between us and the independent clearing broker, the clearing broker has the right to charge us for losses resulting from a counterparty’s failure to fulfill its

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contractual obligations. The losses are not capped at a maximum amount and apply to all trades executed through the clearing broker. At March 31, 2010, we have not recorded any liabilities with regard to this right.
     In the ordinary course of business, we enter into contracts that contain a variety of representations, warranties and general indemnifications. Our maximum exposure from any claims under these arrangements is unknown, as this would involve claims that have not yet occurred. However, based on past experience, we expect the risk of loss to be remote.
     Prior to 2009, we retained all earnings for investment in our business. In October 2009, our Board of Directors approved a regular quarterly dividend. A quarterly cash dividend of $0.07 per share will be paid on May 26, 2010 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on May 12, 2010. We expect the total amount payable to be approximately $2.7 million. We expect to continue paying regular cash dividends, although there is no assurance as to such dividends. Any future declaration and payment of dividends will be at the sole discretion of our Board of Directors.
Effects of Inflation
     Because the majority of our assets are short-term in nature, they are not significantly affected by inflation. However, the rate of inflation may affect our expenses, such as employee compensation, office leasing costs and communications expenses, which may not be readily recoverable in the prices of our services. To the extent inflation results in rising interest rates and has other adverse effects on the securities markets, it may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Contractual Obligations and Commitments
     There was no significant change in our contractual obligations and commitments for the three months ended March 31, 2010.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
     Market risk is the risk of loss resulting from adverse changes in market rates and prices, such as interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates.
Market Risk
     The global financial services business is, by its nature, risky and volatile and is directly affected by many national and international factors that are beyond our control. Any one of these factors may cause a substantial decline in the U.S. and global financial services markets, resulting in reduced trading volume and revenues. These events could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
     As of March 31, 2010, we had a $63.1 million investment in securities available-for-sale. Adverse movements, such as a 10% decrease in the value of these securities or a downturn or disruption in the markets for these securities, could result in a substantial loss. In addition, principal gains and losses resulting from these securities could on occasion have a disproportionate effect, positive or negative, on our financial condition and results of operations for any particular reporting period.
Interest Rate Risk
     Interest rate risk represents our exposure to interest rate changes with respect to the money market instruments, U.S. Treasury obligations and short-term fixed-income securities in which we invest. As of March 31, 2010, our cash and cash equivalents and securities available-for-sale amounted to $167.7 million and were primarily in money market instruments, U.S. government obligations and municipal securities. We do not maintain an inventory of bonds that are traded on our platform.
Derivative Risk
     Our limited derivative risk stems from our activities in the foreign currency forward contract market. We use this market to mitigate our U.S. dollar versus Pound Sterling exposure that arises from the activities of our U.K. subsidiary. As of March 31, 2010, the notional value of our foreign currency forward contract was $25.1 million. We do not speculate in any derivative instruments.

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Credit Risk
     We act as a riskless principal through two of our regulated subsidiaries in certain transactions that we execute between clients. We act as an intermediary in these transactions by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller in matching back-to-back bond trades, which are then settled through a third-party clearing organization. Settlement typically occurs within one to three trading days after the trade date. Cash settlement of the transaction occurs upon receipt or delivery of the underlying instrument that was traded.
     We are exposed to credit risk in our role as trading counterparty to our clients. We are exposed to the risk that third parties that owe us money, securities or other assets will not perform their obligations. These parties may default on their obligations to us due to bankruptcy, lack of liquidity, operational failure or other reasons. Adverse movements in the prices of securities that are the subject of these transactions can increase our risk. Where the unmatched position or failure to deliver is prolonged, there may also be regulatory capital charges required to be taken by us. The policies and procedures we use to manage this credit risk are new and untested. There can be no assurance that these policies and procedures will effectively mitigate our exposure to credit risk.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
     (a)  Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our “disclosure controls and procedures” as that term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as of March 31, 2010. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by MarketAxess in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and to ensure that information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
     (b)  Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and Rule 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended March 31, 2010 identified in connection with the evaluation thereof by our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II — Other Information
Item 1.   Legal Proceedings
     In January 2007, a former employee of MarketAxess Corporation commenced an arbitration proceeding before FINRA arising out of the May 2006 termination of such individual’s employment with MarketAxess Corporation. This individual subsequently amended his statement of claim to add MarketAxess Holdings Inc. as a party to the arbitration proceeding. FINRA consolidated all of the former employee’s claims into a single proceeding.
     The former employee alleges that we acted wrongfully as a result of, and in connection with, the decision by the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors not to accede to the employee’s demand for alteration of the terms of certain stock option and restricted stock agreements in order to award the employee additional rights and benefits upon the termination of his employment, i.e. , accelerated vesting of all of his then unvested options and shares of restricted stock and waiver of the 90-day time period within which he was contractually required to exercise his vested options. This former employee further alleges that he is entitled to a bonus for the approximately five months that he worked for MarketAxess Corporation during 2006. The alleged damages sought by the claimant total approximately $0.9 million, plus statutory interest, and an unstated amount of punitive damages, costs and expenses.
     The FINRA hearing, originally scheduled for early February 2009, was further postponed in September 2009 and again in February 2010 and is currently scheduled to take place in June 2010. We believe that the former employee’s claims are wholly without merit and have vigorously defended against them. Based on currently available information, we believe that the likelihood of a material loss is not probable. Accordingly, no amount has been provided in the financial statements. However, arbitration is subject to inherent uncertainties and unfavorable rulings could occur.
Item 1A.   Risk Factors
     Risks that could have a negative impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition include: the level and intensity of competition in the fixed-income electronic trading industry and the pricing pressures that may result; the variability of our growth rate; the rapidly evolving nature of the electronic financial services industry; the level of trading volume transacted on the MarketAxess platform; potential fluctuations in our operating results, which may cause our stock price to decline; the absolute level and direction of interest rates and the corresponding volatility in the corporate fixed-income market; our ability to develop new products and offerings and the market’s acceptance of those products; our exposure to risk resulting from non-performance by counterparties to transactions executed between our clients in which we act as an intermediary in matching back-to-back trades; our dependence on our broker-dealer clients and institutional investor clients; technology failures, security breaches or rapid technology changes that may harm our business; our ability to enter into strategic alliances and to acquire other businesses and successfully integrate them with our business; extensive government regulation; continuing international expansion that may present economic and regulatory challenges; and our future capital needs and our ability to obtain capital when needed. This list is intended to identify only certain of the principal factors that could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition. A more detailed description of each of these and other important risk factors can be found under the caption “Risk Factors” in our most recent Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009. There have been no material changes to the risk factors described in such Form 10-K.
Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
     None.

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Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
     During the quarter ended March 31, 2010, we repurchased the following shares of common stock:
                                 
                    Total Number of     Dollar Value of  
                    Shares Purchased as     Shares That May  
    Total Number of     Average Price     Part of Publicly     Yet Be Purchased  
Period   Shares Purchased     Paid per Share     Announced Plans     Under the Plans  
                            (In thousands)  
 
                          $    
January 1, 2010 — January 31, 2010
    88,751     $ 13.74              
February 1, 2010 — February 28, 2010
    39,786       13.80              
March 1, 2010 — March 31, 2010
    1,125       14.97              
 
                         
 
    129,662     $ 13.77                
 
                         
     During the three months ended March 31, 2010, a total of 126,275 shares were surrendered by employees to us to satisfy employee withholding tax obligations upon the vesting of restricted shares and 3,387 shares of unvested restricted shares were repurchased upon the termination of employment.
Item 3.   Defaults upon Senior Securities
     None.
Item 4.   Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
     None.
Item 5.   Other Information
     None.
Item 6.   Exhibits
     Exhibit Listing:
     
Number   Description
31.1
  Certification by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
31.2
  Certification by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
32.1
  Certification by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
32.2
  Certification by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

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SIGNATURES
     Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
         
  MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
 
 
Date: April 30, 2010  By:   /s/ RICHARD M. MCVEY    
    Richard M. McVey   
    Chief Executive Officer
(principal executive officer) 
 
 
     
Date: April 30, 2010  By:   /s/ ANTONIO L. DELISE    
    Antonio L. DeLise   
    Chief Financial Officer
(principal financial and accounting officer)  
 
 

33

Exhibit 31.1
CERTIFICATIONS
I, Richard M. McVey, certify that:
     1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of MarketAxess Holdings Inc.;
     2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
     3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
     4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
     a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
     b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
     c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
     d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
     5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
     a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
     b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
         
 
  /s/ RICHARD M. MCVEY    
 
       
 
  Richard M. McVey    
 
  Chief Executive Officer    
 
  (principal executive officer)    
Dated: April 30, 2010

Exhibit 31.2
CERTIFICATIONS
I, Antonio L. DeLise, certify that:
     1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of MarketAxess Holdings Inc.;
     2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
     3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
     4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
     a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
     b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
     c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
     d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
     5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
     a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
     b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
         
     
  /s/ ANTONIO L. DELISE    
  Antonio L. DeLise   
  Chief Financial Officer (principal financial and accounting officer)    
 
Dated: April 30, 2010

 

Exhibit 32.1
Certification Under Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
(United States Code, Title 18, Chapter 63, Section 1350)
Accompanying Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of
MarketAxess Holdings Inc. for the Quarter Ended March 31, 2010
In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of MarketAxess Holdings Inc. (the “Company”) for the quarter ended March 31, 2010, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Richard M. McVey, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, hereby certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:
(1)   The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
 
(2)   The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
         
     
  /s/ RICHARD M. MCVEY    
  Richard M. McVey   
  Chief Executive Officer   
 
April 30, 2010
      This certification shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, nor shall it be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, except to the extent the Company specifically incorporates it by reference.

 

Exhibit 32.2
Certification Under Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
(United States Code, Title 18, Chapter 63, Section 1350)
Accompanying Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of
MarketAxess Holdings Inc. for the Quarter Ended March 31, 2010
     In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of MarketAxess Holdings Inc. (the “Company”) for the quarter ended March 31, 2010 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, James N.B. Rucker, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, hereby certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:
(1)   The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
 
(2)   The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
         
     
  /s/ ANTONIO L. DELISE    
  Antonio L. DeLise   
  Chief Financial Officer   
 
April 30, 2010
      This certification shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, nor shall it be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, except to the extent the Company specifically incorporates it by reference.