MarketAxess Holdings, Inc.
MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 04/25/2014 12:51:57)
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2014

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File Number 001-34091

 

 

MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   52-2230784

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

299 Park Avenue, 10th Floor New York, New York   10171
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(212) 813-6000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   x    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   x

As of April 24, 2014, the number of shares of the Registrant’s voting common stock outstanding was 37,719,562.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2014

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  

PART I — Financial Information

  

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

  

Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013

     3   

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 and 2013

     4   

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 and 2013

     5   

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2014

     6   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 and 2013

     7   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     8   

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     20   

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     31   

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

     32   

PART II — Other Information

  

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

     33   

Item 1A. Risk Factors

     33   

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     33   

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     33   

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

     33   

Item 5. Other Information

     33   

Item 6. Exhibits

     34   

 

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Table of Contents

PART I — Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements

MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION

(Unaudited)

 

     As of  
     March 31, 2014     December 31, 2013  
     (In thousands, except share and per
share amounts)
 
ASSETS     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 130,045      $ 132,691   

Securities available-for-sale, at fair value

     63,483        67,742   

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $170 and $133 as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively

     39,077        34,158   

Goodwill and intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization

     68,127        68,697   

Furniture, equipment, leasehold improvements and capitalized software, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization

     33,393        32,703   

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     9,333        10,640   

Deferred tax assets, net

     2,915        4,947   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 346,373      $ 351,578   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY     

Liabilities

    

Accrued employee compensation

   $ 6,183      $ 23,811   

Deferred revenue

     2,722        2,713   

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

     19,207        14,692   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     28,112        41,216   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 11)

     —          —     

Stockholders’ equity

    

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 4,855,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013

     —          —     

Series A Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value, 110,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013

     —          —     

Common stock voting, $0.003 par value, 110,000,000 shares authorized, 39,320,842 shares and 39,224,016 shares issued and 37,771,683 shares and 37,728,857 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively

     119        119   

Common stock non-voting, $0.003 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013

     —          —     

Additional paid-in capital

     295,617        295,557   

Treasury stock—Common stock voting, at cost, 1,549,159 and 1,495,159 shares as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively

     (35,659     (32,273

Retained earnings

     62,471        51,042   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (4,287     (4,083
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     318,261        310,362   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 346,373      $ 351,578   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2014      2013  
     (In thousands, except
per share amounts)
 

Revenues

     

Commissions

   $ 51,989       $ 47,186   

Information and post-trade services

     8,079         3,703   

Technology products and services

     2,036         1,233   

Investment income

     146         132   

Other

     1,148         1,397   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     63,398         53,651   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Expenses

     

Employee compensation and benefits

     18,609         15,016   

Depreciation and amortization

     4,121         2,286   

Technology and communications

     4,492         3,146   

Professional and consulting fees

     3,972         4,303   

Occupancy

     1,089         797   

Marketing and advertising

     1,209         935   

General and administrative

     2,198         2,497   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total expenses

     35,690         28,980   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before income taxes from continuing operations

     27,708         24,671   

Provision for income taxes

     10,233         9,126   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income from continuing operations

     17,475         15,545   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

     —           (219
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 17,475       $ 15,326   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings per common share

     

Income from continuing operations

   $ 0.47       $ 0.42   

Loss from discontinued operations

     —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income per common share

   $ 0.47       $ 0.42   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per common share

     

Income from continuing operations

   $ 0.46       $ 0.41   

Loss from discontinued operations

     —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income per common share

   $ 0.46       $ 0.41   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash dividends declared per common share

   $ 0.16       $ 0.13   

Weighted average shares outstanding

     

Basic

     37,121         36,774   

Diluted

     38,096         37,673   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

CONSO LIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2014     2013  
     (In thousands)  

Net income

   $ 17,475      $ 15,326   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cumulative translation adjustment and foreign currency exchange hedge, net of tax of $(146) and $73, respectively

     (234     116   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net unrealized gain (loss) on securities available-for-sale, net of tax of $32, and $(19), respectively

     52        (32

Less: reclassification adjustment for realized gain from securities available-for-sale included in Other Income, net of tax of $(13) and $(299), respectively

     (22     (474
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net changed in unrealized gain (loss) on securities available-for-sale, net of tax

     30        (506
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive Income

   $ 17,271      $ 14,936   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(Unaudited)

 

     Common
Stock
Voting
     Additional
Paid-In
Capital
    Treasury
Stock -
Common
Stock
Voting
    Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
     (In thousands)  

Balance at December 31, 2013

   $ 119       $ 295,557      $ (32,273   $ 51,042      $ (4,083   $ 310,362   

Net income

     —           —          —          17,475        —          17,475   

Cumulative translation adjustment and foreign currency exchange hedge, net of tax

     —           —          —          —          (234     (234

Unrealized net gain on securities available-for-sale, net of tax

     —           —          —          —          30        30   

Stock-based compensation

     —           2,316        —          —          —          2,316   

Exercise of stock options

     —           419        —          —          —          419   

Withholding tax payments on restricted stock vesting and stock option exercises

     —           (4,927     —          —          —          (4,927

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

     —           2,252        —          —          —          2,252   

Repurchases of common stock

     —           —          (3,386     —          —          (3,386

Cash dividend on common stock

     —           —          —          (6,046     —          (6,046
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2014

   $ 119       $ 295,617      $ (35,659   $ 62,471      $ (4,287   $ 318,261   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2014     2013  
     (In thousands)  

Cash flows from operating activities

    

Net income

   $ 17,475      $ 15,326   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     4,121        2,569   

Stock-based compensation expense

     2,316        1,997   

Deferred taxes

     2,159        2,764   

Other

     558        (267

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

    

(Increase) in accounts receivable

     (4,919     (1,136

Decrease in prepaid expenses and other assets

     1,313        76   

(Decrease) in accrued employee compensation

     (17,628     (14,969

Increase (decrease) in deferred revenue

     9        (1,041

Increase in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

     4,743        4,960   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     10,147        10,279   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

    

Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired

     —          (37,118

Securities available-for-sale:

    

Proceeds from sales

     —          30,900   

Proceeds from maturities

     3,750        2,770   

Purchases of furniture, equipment and leasehold improvements

     (1,622     (794

Capitalization of software development costs

     (2,571     (1,366

Other

     (6     64   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in ) investing activities

     (449     (5,544
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

    

Cash dividend on common stock

     (6,232     (5,405

Exercise of stock options

     419        630   

Withholding tax payments on restricted stock vesting and stock option exercises

     (4,927     (5,001

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

     2,252        1,927   

Repurchases of common stock

     (3,386     —     

Other

     (42     (78
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) financing activities

     (11,916     (7,927
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     (428     203   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

    

Net (decrease) for the period

     (2,646     (2,989

Beginning of period

     132,691        128,908   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

End of period

   $ 130,045      $ 125,919   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information:

    

Cash paid during the year

    

Cash paid for income taxes

   $ 878      $ 829   

Non-cash investing and financing activity:

    

Liabilities assumed in connection with the Xtrakter acquisition:

    

Fair value of assets acquired

     $ 44,486   

Cash paid for the capital stock

       (37,118
    

 

 

 

Liabilities assumed

     $ 7,368   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — Unaudited

1. Organization and Principal Business Activity

MarketAxess Holdings Inc. (the “Company” or “MarketAxess”) was incorporated in the State of Delaware on April 11, 2000. Through its subsidiaries, the Company operates an electronic trading platform for corporate bonds and other types of fixed-income instruments through which the Company’s institutional investor clients can access liquidity provided by its broker-dealer and other institutional clients. The Company’s multi-dealer trading platform allows its institutional investor clients to simultaneously request competitive, executable bids or offers from multiple broker-dealers, and to execute trades with the broker-dealer of their choice. The Company’s trading platform provides access to global liquidity in U.S. high-grade corporate bonds, emerging markets and high-yield bonds, European bonds, U.S. agency bonds, credit default swaps and other fixed-income securities. The Company also executes certain bond transactions between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a matched principal (often called “riskless principal”) basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller in trades which then settle through a third-party clearing broker. The Company provides fixed-income market data, analytics and compliance tools that help its clients make trading decisions. The Company also provides trade matching and regulatory transaction reporting services to the securities markets. In addition, the Company provides technology solutions and professional consulting services to fixed-income industry participants.

2. Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated. These consolidated financial statements are unaudited and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013. The consolidated financial information as of December 31, 2013 has been derived from audited financial statements not included herein.

These unaudited consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) with respect to Form 10-Q and reflect all adjustments that, in the opinion of management, are normal and recurring, and that are necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. In accordance with such rules and regulations, certain disclosures that are normally included in annual financial statements have been omitted. Interim period operating results may not be indicative of the operating results for a full year.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents includes cash and money market instruments that are primarily maintained at one major global bank. Given this concentration, the Company is exposed to certain credit risk in relation to its deposits at this bank. The Company defines cash equivalents as short-term interest-bearing investments with maturities at the time of purchase of three months or less.

Securities Available-for-Sale

The Company classifies its marketable securities as available-for-sale securities. Unrealized marketable securities gains and losses, net of taxes, are reflected as a net amount under the caption of accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. Realized gains and losses are recorded in the Consolidated Statements of Operations in other revenues. For the purpose of computing realized gains and losses, cost is determined on a specific identification basis.

The Company assesses whether an other-than-temporary impairment loss on the investments has occurred due to declines in fair value or other market conditions. The portion of an other-than-temporary impairment related to credit loss is recorded as a charge in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The remainder is recognized in accumulated other comprehensive loss if the Company does not intend to sell the security and it is more likely than not that the Company will not be required to sell the security prior to recovery. No charges for other-than-temporary losses were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013.

 

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Fair Value Financial Instruments

Fair value is defined as “the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.” A three-tiered hierarchy for determining fair value has been established that prioritizes inputs to valuation techniques used in fair value calculations. The three levels of inputs are defined as Level 1 (unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets), Level 2 (inputs that are observable in the marketplace other than those inputs classified in Level 1) and Level 3 (inputs that are unobservable in the marketplace). The Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis consist of its money market funds, securities available-for-sale portfolio and one foreign currency forward contract. All other financial instruments are short-term in nature and the carrying amount reported on our Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition approximate fair value.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

All accounts receivable have contractual maturities of less than one year and are derived from trading-related fees and commissions and revenues from products and services. The Company continually monitors collections and payments from its customers and maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts is based upon the historical collection experience and specific collection issues that have been identified. Additions to the allowance for doubtful accounts are charged to bad debt expense, which is included in general and administrative expense in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Depreciation and Amortization

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation. The Company uses the straight-line method of depreciation over three to seven years. The Company amortizes leasehold improvements on a straight-line basis over the lesser of the life of the improvement or the remaining term of the lease.

Software Development Costs

The Company capitalizes certain costs associated with the development of internal use software, including among other items, employee compensation and related benefits and third-party consulting costs at the point at which the conceptual formulation, design and testing of possible software project alternatives have been completed. Once the product is ready for its intended use, such costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over three years. The Company reviews the amounts capitalized for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of the assets may not be recoverable.

Cash Provided as Collateral

Cash is provided as collateral for electronic bank settlements and broker-dealer clearance accounts. Cash provided as collateral is included in prepaid expenses and other assets in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition.

Foreign Currency Translation and Forward Contracts

Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated using exchange rates at the end of the period; revenues and expenses are translated at average monthly rates. Gains and losses on foreign currency translation are a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. Transaction gains and losses are recorded in general and administrative expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The Company enters into foreign currency forward contracts to hedge its net investment in its U.K. subsidiaries. Gains and losses on these transactions are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition.

Revenue Recognition

The majority of the Company’s revenues are derived from commissions for trades executed on its platform and distribution fees that are billed to its broker-dealer clients on a monthly basis. The Company also derives revenues from information and post-trade services, technology products and services, investment income and other income.

 

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Commission revenue. Commissions are generally calculated as a percentage of the notional dollar volume of bonds traded on the platform and vary based on the type and maturity of the bond traded. Under the Company’s transaction fee plans, bonds that are more actively traded or that have shorter maturities are generally charged lower commissions, while bonds that are less actively traded or that have longer maturities generally command higher commissions. For trades that the Company executes between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a matched principal basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller, the Company earns the commission through the difference in price between the two matched principal trades. Fee programs for certain products include distribution fees which are recognized monthly.

Information and post-trade services. The Company generates revenue from information services provided to our broker-dealer clients, institutional investor clients and data-only subscribers. Information services are invoiced monthly, quarterly or annually. When billed in advance, revenues are recognized monthly on a straight-line basis. The Company also generates revenue from regulatory transaction reporting and trade matching services. Revenue is recognized in the period the services are provided.

Technology products and services. The Company generates revenues from professional consulting services, technology software licenses and maintenance and support services (referred to as post-contract technical support or “PCS”). Revenue is generally recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable and collection is considered probable.

The Company enters into time and materials professional consulting contracts unrelated to any software product. Revenue for time and materials contracts is recognized as services are performed. The Company generally sells software license subscriptions on a stand-alone basis or software licenses and PCS together as part of multiple-element arrangements. Revenue for software license subscriptions is recognized ratably over the contract period. For arrangements that include multiple elements, generally software licenses and PCS, the Company allocates and defers revenue for the undelivered items based on vendor specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) of the fair value of the undelivered elements and recognizes the difference between the total arrangement fee and the amount deferred for the undelivered items as license revenue. When VSOE does not exist for undelivered items, the entire arrangement fee is recognized ratably over the performance period. For PCS, the term is typically one year and revenue is recognized over the duration of the arrangement on a straight-line basis.

Initial set-up fees. The Company enters into agreements with its broker-dealer clients pursuant to which the Company provides access to its platform through a non-exclusive and non-transferable license. Broker-dealer clients may pay an initial set-up fee, which is typically due and payable upon execution of the broker-dealer agreement. The initial set-up fee, if any, varies by agreement. Revenue is recognized over the initial term of the agreement, which is generally two years. Initial set-up fees are reported in other income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for all share-based payment awards based on their estimated fair values measured as of the grant date. These costs are recognized as an expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations over the requisite service period, which is typically the vesting period, with an offsetting increase to additional paid-in capital.

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability method. Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when such differences are expected to reverse. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is recognized against deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that such assets will not be realized in future years. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in general and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Business Combinations, Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Business combinations are accounted for under the purchase method of accounting. The total cost of an acquisition is allocated to the underlying net assets based on their respective estimated fair values. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. Determining the fair value of certain assets acquired and liabilities assumed is judgmental in nature and often involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions, including assumptions with respect to future cash flows, discount rates, growth rates and asset lives.

 

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The Company operates as a single reporting unit. Subsequent to an acquisition, goodwill no longer retains its identification with a particular acquisition, but instead becomes identifiable with the entire reporting unit. As a result, all of the fair value of the Company is available to support the value of goodwill. An impairment review of goodwill is performed on an annual basis, at year-end, or more frequently if circumstances change. Intangible assets with definite lives, including purchased technologies, customer relationships and other intangible assets, are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives, ranging from three to 15 years. Intangible assets are assessed for impairment when events or circumstances indicate the existence of a possible impairment.

Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net income attributable to common stock by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. For purposes of computing diluted earnings per share, the weighted-average shares outstanding of common stock reflects the dilutive effect that could occur if convertible securities or other contracts to issue common stock were converted into or exercised for common stock.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

3. Net Capital Requirements

Certain U.S. subsidiaries of the Company are registered as a broker-dealer or swap execution facility and therefore are subject to the applicable rules and regulations of the SEC and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission. These rules contain minimum net capital requirements, as defined in the applicable regulations, and also may require a significant part of the registrants’ assets be kept in relatively liquid form. Certain of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries are regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the U.K. or Ontario Securities Commission in Canada and must maintain financial resources, as defined in the applicable regulations, in excess of the applicable financial resources requirement. As of March 31, 2014, each of the Company’s subsidiaries that are subject to these regulations had net capital or financial resources in excess of their minimum requirements. As of March 31, 2014, aggregate net capital and financial resources was $74.2 million in excess of required levels of $11.6 million.

Each of the Company’s U.S. and foreign regulated subsidiaries are subject to local regulations which generally prohibit repayment of borrowings from the Company or affiliates, paying cash dividends, making loans to the Company or affiliates or otherwise entering into transactions that result in a significant reduction in regulatory net capital or financial resources without prior notification to or approval from such regulated entity’s principal regulator.

 

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4. Fair Value Measurements

The following table summarizes the valuation of the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value as categorized based on the hierarchy described in Note 2.

 

     Level 1      Level 2     Level 3      Total  
     (In thousands)  

As of March 31, 2014

  

Money market funds

   $ 90,862       $ —        $ —         $ 90,862   

Securities available-for-sale

          

Municipal securities

     —           14,198        —           14,198   

Corporate bonds

     —           49,285        —           49,285   

Foreign currency forward position

     —           (339     —           (339
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 90,862       $ 63,144      $ —         $ 154,006   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2013

          

Money market funds

   $ 90,536       $ —        $ —         $ 90,536   

Securities available-for-sale

          

Municipal securities

     —           16,052        —           16,052   

Corporate bonds

     —           51,690        —           51,690   

Foreign currency forward position

     —           (472     —           (472
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 90,536       $ 67,270      $ —         $ 157,806   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Securities classified within Level 2 were valued using a market approach utilizing prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving comparable assets. The foreign currency forward contracts are classified within Level 2 as the valuation inputs are based on quoted market prices. There were no financial assets classified within Level 3 during the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013.

The Company enters into foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the exposure to variability in certain foreign currency cash flows resulting from the net investment in the Company’s U.K. subsidiaries. The Company assesses each foreign currency forward contract to ensure that it is highly effective at reducing the exposure being hedged. The Company designates each foreign currency forward contract as a hedge, assesses the risk management objective and strategy, including identification of the hedging instrument, the hedged item and the risk exposure and how effectiveness is to be assessed prospectively and retrospectively. These hedges are for a one-month period and are used to limit exposure to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. The fair value of the liability is included in accounts payable in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. Gains or losses on foreign currency forward contracts designated as hedges are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. A summary of the foreign currency forward contract is as follows:

 

     As of  
     March 31, 2014     December 31, 2013  
     (In thousands)  

Notional value

   $ 32,881      $ 29,431   

Fair value of notional

     33,220        29,903   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fair value of the liability

   $ (339   $ (472
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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The following is a summary of the Company’s securities available-for-sale:

 

            Gross      Gross     Estimated  
     Amortized      unrealized      unrealized     fair  
     cost      gains      losses     value  
     (In thousands)  

As of March 31, 2014

          

Municipal securities

   $ 14,193       $ 8       $ (3   $ 14,198   

Corporate bonds

     49,127         163         (5     49,285   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total securities available-for-sale

   $ 63,320       $ 171       $ (8   $ 63,483   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2013

          

Municipal securities

   $ 16,049       $ 9       $ (6   $ 16,052   

Corporate bonds

     51,579         124         (13     51,690   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total securities available-for-sale

   $ 67,628       $ 133       $ (19   $ 67,742   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the contractual maturities of securities available-for-sale:

 

     As of  
     March 31, 2014      December 31, 2013  
     (In thousands)  

Less than one year

   $ 21,314       $ 12,332   

Due in 1 - 5 years

     42,169         55,410   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total securities available-for-sale

   $ 63,483       $ 67,742   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Proceeds from the sales and maturities of securities available-for-sale during the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 were $3.8 million and $33.7 million, respectively.

The following table provides fair values and unrealized losses on securities available-for-sale and by the aging of the securities’ continuous unrealized loss position as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013:

 

     Less than Twelve Months     Twelve Months or More      Total  
     Estimated      Gross     Estimated      Gross      Estimated      Gross  
     fair      unrealized     fair      unrealized      fair      unrealized  
     value      losses     value      losses      value      losses  
     (In thousands)  

As of March 31, 2014

                

Municipal securities

   $ 552       $ (3   $ —         $ —         $ 552       $ (3

Corporate bonds

     2,064         (5     —           —           2,064         (5
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 2,616       $ (8   $ —         $ —         $ 2,616       $ (8
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2013

                

Municipal securities

   $ 4,955       $ (6   $ —         $ —         $ 4,955       $ (6

Corporate bonds

     10,728         (13     —           —           10,728         (13
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 15,683       $ (19   $ —         $ —         $ 15,683       $ (19
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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5. Acquisition

In February 2013, the Company acquired all of the outstanding shares of Xtrakter Limited (“Xtrakter”) from Euroclear S.A./N.V. Xtrakter is a U.K.-based provider of trade matching and regulatory transaction reporting for European securities and market and reference data across a range of fixed-income products. The acquisition of Xtrakter provides the Company with an expanded set of technology solutions ahead of incoming pre-and post-trade transparency mandates from the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive II in Europe. The aggregate purchase price was $37.8 million in cash, net of acquired cash. During the three months ended March 31, 2013, transaction costs such as legal, regulatory, accounting, tax, valuation and other professional services were $1.4 million.

The Company has completed its allocation of the purchase price to the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition. The purchase price allocation is as follows (in thousands):

 

Purchase price

   $ 46,683   

Less: acquired cash

     (8,856
  

 

 

 

Purchase price, net of acquired cash

     37,827   
  

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

     3,733   

Intangible assets

     13,255   

Other assets

     1,718   

Deferred tax liability, net

     (2,342

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and deferred revenue

     (4,622
  

 

 

 

Goodwill

   $ 26,085   
  

 

 

 

The acquired intangible assets are as follows (in thousands, except for useful lives):

 

     Costs      Useful Lives

Customer relationships

   $ 5,455       10-15 years

Internally developed software

     5,000       3 years

Tradename- indefinite life

     1,820       indefinite

Tradename- finite life

     300       3 years

Non-compete agreement

     380       3 years

Other

     300       indefinite
  

 

 

    

Total

   $ 13,255      
  

 

 

    

The identifiable intangible assets and goodwill are not deductible for tax purposes.

From the date of acquisition to March 31, 2013, Xtrakter-related revenue and net income of $1.9 million and $0.1 million, respectively, have been included in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations. The following unaudited pro forma consolidated financial information reflects the results of operations of the Company for the three months ended March 31, 2013, as if the acquisition of Xtrakter had occurred as of the beginning of the period presented, after giving effect to certain purchase accounting adjustments. The pro forma results are not necessarily indicative of what the Company’s operating results would have been had the acquisition actually taken place at the beginning of the period presented. The pro forma financial information includes the amortization charges from acquired intangible assets, adjustments to interest income to reflect the cash purchase price and related tax effects.

 

     Three Months Ended March 31, 2013  
     (In thousands, except per share amounts)  

Revenues

   $ 57,575   

Income before income taxes

   $ 24,707   

Net income

   $ 15,561   

Basic net income per common share

   $ 0.42   

Diluted net income per common share

   $ 0.41   

 

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6. Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives was $59.7 million as of both March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013. Intangible assets that are subject to amortization, including the related accumulated amortization, are comprised of the following:

 

     March 31, 2014      December 31, 2013  
     Cost      Accumulated
Amortization
    Net Carrying
Amount
     Cost      Accumulated
Amortization
    Net Carrying
Amount
 
     (In thousands)  

Technology

   $ 5,770       $ (2,576   $ 3,194       $ 5,770       $ (2,159   $ 3,611   

Customer relationships

     5,700         (914     4,786         5,698         (816     4,882   

Non-competition agreements

     380         (137     243         380         (106     274   

Tradenames

     370         (178     192         370         (153     217   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $ 12,220       $ (3,805   $ 8,415       $ 12,218       $ (3,234   $ 8,984   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Amortization expense associated with identifiable intangible assets was $0.6 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Estimated total amortization expense is $2.3 million for each of 2014 and 2015, $0.7 million for 2016 and $0.4 million for each of 2017 and 2018.

7. Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes from continuing operations consists of the following:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2014     2013  
     (In thousands)  

Current:

    

Federal

   $ 4,994      $ 4,241   

State and local

     1,186        1,088   

Foreign

     (267     (127
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current provision

     5,913        5,202   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Deferred:

    

Federal

     3,331        3,235   

State and local

     511        586   

Foreign

     478        103   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total deferred provision

     4,320        3,924   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Provision for income taxes

   $ 10,233      $ 9,126   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following is a summary of the Company’s net deferred tax assets:

 

     As of  
     March 31, 2014     December 31, 2013  
     (In thousands)  

Deferred tax assets and liabilities

   $ 10,634      $ 12,690   

Valuation allowance

     (7,719     (7,743
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Deferred tax assets, net

   $ 2,915      $ 4,947   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The Company or one of its subsidiaries files U.S. federal, state and foreign income tax returns. Income tax returns for New York City (through 2003) and state (through 2006) and Connecticut state (through 2003) tax returns have been audited. Examinations of the Company’s federal tax return for 2011 and 2012 and New York state franchise tax returns for 2007 through 2009 are currently underway. The Company cannot estimate when the examinations will conclude.

Effective January 1, 2013, the Company has determined that unremitted earnings of its foreign subsidiaries will be considered indefinitely reinvested outside of the United States.

 

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8. Stock-Based Compensation Plans

Stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2014      2013  
     (In thousands)  

Employees

   $ 2,089       $ 1,846   

Non-employee directors

     227         151   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation

   $ 2,316       $ 1,997   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company records stock-based compensation for employees in employee compensation and benefits and for non-employee directors in general and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

During the three months ended March 31, 2014, the Company granted to employees a total of 140,949 shares of restricted stock or restricted stock units, performance-based shares with an expected pay-out at target of 29,678 shares of common stock and 382 options to purchase shares of common stock. The fair value of the restricted stock and performance-based share awards was based on a weighted-average grant date fair value per share of $62.26 and $63.07, respectively. Based on the Black-Scholes option pricing model, the weighted-average fair value for each option granted was $19.25 per share. As of March 31, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested awards was $17.4 million. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.0 years.

9. Earnings Per Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per common share:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2014      2013  
     (In thousands, except per share amounts)  

Net income from continuing operations

   $ 17,475       $ 15,545   

Loss from discontinued operations

     —           (219
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

   $ 17,475       $ 15,326   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

     37,121         36,774   

Basic earnings per common share

     

Income from continuing operations

   $ 0.47       $ 0.42   

Loss from discontinued operations

     —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

   $ 0.47       $ 0.42   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

     37,121         36,774   

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock

     975         899   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

     38,096         37,673   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per common share

     

Income from continuing operations

   $ 0.46       $ 0.41   

Loss from discontinued operations

     —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

   $ 0.46       $ 0.41   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Stock options and restricted stock totaling 182,391 shares and 482,716 shares for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share because their effect would have been antidilutive. The computation of diluted shares can vary among periods due, in part, to the change in the average price of the Company’s common stock.

10. Credit Facility

In January 2013, the Company entered into a three-year credit agreement (“Credit Agreement”) that provides for revolving loans and letters of credit up to an aggregate of $50.0 million (“Credit Facility”). As of March 31, 2014, there was $49.9 million available to borrow under the Credit Facility. Subject to satisfaction of certain specified conditions, the Company is permitted to upsize the Credit Facility by an additional $50.0 million in total.

 

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Borrowings under the Credit Facility will bear interest at a rate per annum equal to either of the following, as designated by the Company for each borrowing: (A) the sum of (i) the greatest of (a) the prime rate, as defined, (b) the federal funds effective rate plus 0.50% and (c) one month adjusted LIBOR plus 1.00% plus (ii) 0.50% or (B) the sum of (i) adjusted LIBOR plus (ii) 1.50%. Default interest is 2.00% per annum in excess of the rate otherwise applicable in the case of any overdue principal or any other overdue amount. The Company is also required to pay a commitment fee to the lenders under the Credit Facility in respect of unutilized revolving loan commitments at a rate of 0.30% per annum.

The Company’s existing and future material domestic subsidiaries (other than any broker-dealer subsidiary) have guaranteed the Company’s obligations under the Credit Agreement. Subject to customary exceptions and exclusions, the Credit Facility is collateralized by first priority pledges (subject to permitted liens) of substantially all of the Company’s personal property assets and the personal property assets of the Company’s domestic subsidiaries that have guaranteed the Credit Facility, including the equity interests of the Company’s domestic subsidiaries and the equity interests of certain of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries (limited, in the case of the voting equity interests of the foreign subsidiaries, to a pledge of 65% of those equity interests).

The Credit Agreement requires that the Company’s consolidated total leverage ratio tested on the last day of each fiscal quarter not exceed 2.5 to 1.0. The Credit Agreement also requires that the Company’s consolidated interest coverage ratio tested on the last day of each fiscal quarter not fall below 3.5 to 1.0.

If an event of default occurs, including failure to pay principal or interest due on the loan balance, a voluntary or involuntary proceeding seeking liquidation, change in control of the Company, or one or more judgments against the Company in excess of $10 million, the lenders would be entitled to accelerate the facility and take various other actions, including all actions permitted to be taken by a secured creditor. If certain bankruptcy events of default occur, the facility will automatically accelerate.

11. Commitments and Contingencies

Lease Commitments

The Company leases office space under non-cancelable lease agreements expiring at various dates through 2027. Office space leases are subject to escalation based on certain costs incurred by the landlord. Minimum rental commitments as of March 31, 2014 under such operating leases were as follows (in thousands):

 

Remainder of 2014

   $ 1,118   

2015

     1,703   

2016

     2,848   

2017

     2,772   

2018

     2,939   

2019 and thereafter

     15,605   
  

 

 

 
   $ 26,985   
  

 

 

 

Rental expense was $0.9 million and $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and is included in occupancy expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Rental expense has been recorded based on the total minimum lease payments after giving effect to rent abatement and concessions, which are being amortized on a straight-line basis over the life of the lease. The Company is contingently obligated for standby letters of credit amounting to $1.3 million that were issued to landlords for office space.

The Company has assigned two lease agreements on leased properties to separate third parties. The Company is contingently liable should the assignees default on future lease obligations through the lease termination dates of November 2015 and November 2020. The aggregate amount of future lease obligations under these arrangements is $2.6 million as of March 31, 2014.

 

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Legal Matters

In the normal course of business, the Company and its subsidiaries included in the consolidated financial statements may be involved in various lawsuits, proceedings and regulatory examinations. The Company assesses its liabilities and contingencies in connection with outstanding legal proceedings, if any, utilizing the latest information available. For matters where it is probable that the Company will incur a material loss and the amount can be reasonably estimated, the Company would establish an accrual for the loss. Once established, the accrual would be adjusted to reflect any relevant developments. When a loss contingency is not both probable and estimable, the Company does not establish an accrual.

On January 2, 2013, a former employee of the Company filed a complaint against the Company with the U.S. Department of Labor alleging retaliatory employment practices in violation of the whistleblower provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The relief sought includes, among other things, reinstatement, back pay and compensatory and punitive damages. The Company believes the complaint is without merit and intends to vigorously defend itself against the allegations. The Company filed its response to the complaint on February 26, 2013. Given the inherent uncertainty of the potential outcome of such proceedings, the Company cannot estimate the reasonably possible range of loss at this time. Based on the available information, the Company believes that the low end of the reasonably possible range of loss is zero and, accordingly, no loss accrual has been provided in the Company’s accompanying financial statements.

Other

The Company, through two regulated subsidiaries, executes certain bond transactions between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a matched principal basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller in trades which then settle through a third-party clearing broker. Settlement typically occurs within one to three trading days after the trade date. Cash settlement of the transaction occurs upon receipt or delivery of the underlying instrument that was traded. For the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, revenues from matched principal transactions were $1.1 million and $1.3 million, respectively. Under securities clearing agreements with the third party, the Company maintains a collateral deposit with the clearing broker in the form of cash. As of March 31, 2014, the amount of the collateral deposit included in prepaid expenses and other assets in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition was $0.9 million. The Company is exposed to credit risk in the event a counterparty does not fulfill its obligation to complete a transaction. Pursuant to the terms of the securities clearing agreements between the Company and the clearing broker, the clearing broker has the right to charge the Company for losses resulting from a counterparty’s failure to fulfill its contractual obligations. The losses are not capped at a maximum amount and apply to all trades executed through the clearing broker. At March 31, 2014, the Company had not recorded any liabilities with regard to this right.

In the normal course of business, the Company enters into contracts that contain a variety of representations, warranties and general indemnifications. The Company’s maximum exposure under these arrangements is unknown, as this would involve future claims that may be made against the Company that have not yet occurred. However, based on experience, the Company expects the risk of loss to be remote.

 

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12. Discontinued Operations

In October 2013, the Company sold 100% of the outstanding shares of Greenline Financial Technologies, Inc. (“Greenline”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, to CameronTec Intressenter AB. The aggregate purchase price was $11.0 million in cash, including a post-closing working capital adjustment. The Company recognized a gain on the disposition of $7.6 million, net of a tax benefit.

Greenline’s operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2013 have been classified as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Statement of Operations. The following is a summary of Greenline’s operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2013 (in thousands):

 

Revenues

   $ 1,906   

Expenses

     2,264   
  

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

     (358

Benefit for income taxes

     (139
  

 

 

 

Loss from discontinued operations

   $ (219
  

 

 

 

13. Customer Concentration

During both the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, no single client accounted for more than 10% of total revenue. One client accounted for 13.6% and 12.7% of trading volumes during the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

14. Share Repurchase Program

In January 2014, the Board of Directors of the Company authorized a share repurchase program for up to $35.0 million of the Company’s common stock. The share repurchase program will expire on December 31, 2015. For the three months ended March 31, 2014, the Company repurchased 54,000 shares of common stock at a cost of $3.4 million. Shares repurchased under the program will be held in treasury for future use.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

This report contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements may be identified by words such as “expects,” “intends,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “will,” or words of similar meaning and include, but are not limited to, statements regarding the outlook for our future business and financial performance. Forward-looking statements are based on management’s current expectations and assumptions, which are subject to inherent uncertainties, risks and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. It is routine for our internal projections and expectations to change as the year or each quarter in the year progresses, and therefore it should be clearly understood that the internal projections and beliefs upon which we base our expectations may change prior to the end of each quarter or the year. Although these expectations may change, we are under no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements contained in this report. Our company policy is generally to provide our expectations only once per quarter, and not to update that information until the next quarter. Actual future events or results may differ materially from those contained in the projections or forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include those discussed below and elsewhere in this report, particularly in the section captioned Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”

Executive Overview

MarketAxess operates a leading electronic trading platform that enables fixed-income market participants to efficiently trade corporate bonds and other types of fixed-income instruments using our patented trading technology. Our over 1,000 active institutional investor firms (firms that executed at least one trade in U.S. or European fixed income securities through our electronic trading platform between April 2013 and March 2014) include investment advisers, mutual funds, insurance companies, public and private pension funds, bank portfolios, broker-dealers and hedge funds. Our approximately 90 broker-dealer market-maker clients provide liquidity on the platform and include most of the leading broker-dealers in global fixed-income trading. We also execute certain bond transactions between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a matched principal (often called “riskless principal”) basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller in trades which then settle through a third-party clearing broker. We provide fixed-income market data, analytics and compliance tools that help our clients make trading decisions. We also provide trade matching and regulatory transaction reporting services to the securities markets. In addition, we provide technology solutions and professional consulting services to fixed-income industry participants.

Our multi-dealer trading platform allows our institutional investor clients to simultaneously request competing, executable bids or offers from our broker-dealer clients and execute trades with the broker-dealer of their choice from among those that choose to respond. We offer our broker-dealer clients a solution that enables them to efficiently reach our institutional investor clients for the distribution and trading of bonds. Our trading platform provides access to global liquidity in U.S. high-grade corporate bonds, emerging markets and high-yield bonds, European bonds, U.S. agency bonds, credit default swaps (“CDS”) and other fixed-income securities.

The majority of our revenues are derived from commissions for trades executed on our platform and distribution fees that are billed to our broker-dealer clients on a monthly basis. We also derive revenues from information and post-trade services, technology products and services, investment income and other income. Our expenses consist of employee compensation and benefits, depreciation and amortization, technology and communication expenses, professional and consulting fees, occupancy, marketing and advertising and other general and administrative expenses.

Our objective is to provide the leading global electronic trading platform for fixed-income securities, connecting broker-dealers and institutional investors more easily and efficiently, while offering a broad array of information, trading and technology services to market participants across the trading cycle. The key elements of our strategy are:

 

    to innovate and efficiently add new functionality and product offerings to the MarketAxess platform that we believe will help to increase our market share with existing clients, as well as to expand our client base;

 

    to leverage our existing client network and technology to increase the number of potential counterparties and improve liquidity by developing and deploying a wide range of electronic trading protocols to complement our traditional request-for-quote model and allowing broker-dealers and institutional investors to operate in an all-to-all trading environment;

 

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    to leverage our existing technology and client relationships to deploy our electronic trading platform into additional product segments within the fixed-income securities markets and deliver fixed-income securities-related technical services and products;

 

    to continue building our existing service offerings so that our electronic trading platform is more fully integrated into the workflow of our broker-dealer and institutional investor clients and to continue to add functionality to allow our clients to achieve a fully automated end-to-end straight-through processing solution (automation from trade initiation to settlement);

 

    to add new content and analytical capabilities to Corporate BondTicker™ and expand the data service offering provided by Xtrakter Limited (“Xtrakter’) to improve the value of the information we provide to our clients; and

 

    to continue to increase and supplement our internal growth by entering into strategic alliances, or acquiring businesses or technologies that will enable us to enter new markets, provide new products or services, or otherwise enhance the value of our platform to our clients. The acquisition of Xtrakter in February 2013 provides us with an expanded set of technology solutions ahead of incoming pre- and post-trade transparency mandates from the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive II in Europe (“MiFID II”). In April 2013, we entered into a strategic alliance with BlackRock, Inc. to create a unified, open trading solution designed to help reduce liquidity fragmentation and improve pricing across credit markets.

Critical Factors Affecting Our Industry and Our Company

Economic, Political and Market Factors

The global fixed-income securities industry is risky and volatile and is directly affected by a number of economic, political and market factors that may result in declining trading volume. These factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. These factors include, among others, credit market conditions, the current interest rate environment, including the volatility of interest rates and investors’ forecasts of future interest rates, economic and political conditions in the United States, Europe and elsewhere, and the consolidation or contraction of our broker-dealer clients.

Competitive Landscape

The global fixed-income securities industry generally, and the electronic financial services markets in which we engage in particular, are highly competitive, and we expect competition to intensify in the future. Sources of competition for us will continue to include, among others, bond trading conducted directly between broker-dealers and their institutional investor clients over the telephone or electronically and other multi-dealer trading companies. Competitors, including companies in which some of our broker-dealer clients have invested, have developed or acquired electronic trading platforms or have announced their intention to explore the development of electronic platforms that may compete with us.

In general, we compete on the basis of a number of key factors, including, among others, the liquidity provided on our platform, the magnitude and frequency of price improvement enabled by our platform and the quality and speed of execution. We believe that our ability to grow volumes and revenues will largely depend on our performance with respect to these factors.

Our competitive position is also enhanced by the familiarity and integration of our broker-dealer and institutional investor clients with our electronic trading platform and other systems. We have focused on the unique aspects of the credit markets we serve in the development of our platform, working closely with our clients to provide a system that is suited to their needs.

Regulatory Environment

Our industry has been and is subject to continuous regulatory changes and may become subject to new regulations or changes in the interpretation or enforcement of existing regulations, which could require us to incur significant costs.

Our U.S. subsidiary, MarketAxess Corporation, is a registered broker-dealer with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and is a member of Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (‘FINRA’). Our U.K. subsidiary, MarketAxess Europe Limited, is registered as a Multilateral Trading Facility dealer with the Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”) in the U.K. MarketAxess Canada Company, a Canadian subsidiary, is registered as an Alternative Trading System dealer under the Securities Act of Ontario and is a member of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada. Relevant regulations prohibit repayment of borrowings from these subsidiaries or their affiliates, paying cash dividends, making loans to us or our affiliates or otherwise entering into transactions that result in a significant reduction in regulatory net capital or financial resources, without prior notification to or approval from such regulated entity’s principal regulator.

 

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In July 2010, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) was signed into law. Among the most significant aspects of the derivatives section of the Dodd-Frank Act are mandatory clearing of certain derivatives transactions (“swaps”) through regulated central clearing organizations and mandatory trading of those swaps through either regulated exchanges or swap execution facilities (“SEFs”), in each case subject to certain key exceptions. In September 2013, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) granted temporary registration to MarketAxess SEF Corporation, our wholly-owned U.S. subsidiary, to operate a SEF for the trading of swaps subject to the CFTC’s jurisdiction. The CFTC’s rules relating to the trading of swaps on SEFs were implemented on October 2, 2013. In February 2014, certain credit default swaps became subject to the CFTC’s ‘made available for trade’ determination and were thereafter required to be executed on a SEF or designated contract market. The SEC has not yet finalized its rules for security-based SEFs, nor has it published a timetable for the finalization and implementation of such rules. No assurance can be given regarding when, whether or in what form the remaining rules regarding the new regulatory regime for the swaps marketplace will be finalized or implemented.

Various rules promulgated since the financial crisis could adversely affect our bank-affiliated broker-dealer clients’ ability to make markets in a variety of fixed-income securities, thereby negatively impacting the level of liquidity and pricing available on our trading platform. For example, the Volcker Rule promulgated under the Dodd-Frank Act bans proprietary trading by banks and their affiliates. In addition, enhanced leverage ratios applicable to large banking organizations in the U.S. and Europe require these organizations to strengthen their balance sheets and may limit their ability or willingness to make markets on our trading platform We cannot predict the extent to which these rules or any future regulatory changes may adversely affect our business and operations.

Similar to the U.S., regulatory bodies in Europe and elsewhere are developing new rules for derivatives trading and proprietary trading by large banks. For example, in January 2014, representatives of the Council of the European Union, the European Parliament and the European Commission reached political agreement on the draft directive and draft regulation which will revise the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive regime. MiFID II will introduce changes in market structure designed to ensure trading occurs on regulated trading venues where appropriate to create a more level playing field among trading venues, and establish a harmonized regime of open access to trading venues and central counterparties on a non-discriminatory basis. The general deadline for implementation of MiFID II will be in late 2016 and some specific provisions will have a longer deadline for implementation. Proposals for detailed implementing and technical standards are expected to be issued at the end of 2014 and thereafter. We cannot predict the extent to which any of these future regulatory changes may adversely affect our European business and operations.

Rapid Technological Changes

We must continue to enhance and improve our electronic trading platform. The electronic financial services industry is characterized by increasingly complex systems and infrastructures and new business models. Our future success will depend on our ability to enhance our existing products and services, develop and/or license new products and technologies that address the increasingly sophisticated and varied needs of our broker-dealer and institutional investor clients and prospective clients and respond to technological advances and emerging industry standards and practices on a cost-effective and timely basis. We have been issued 13 patents covering our most significant trading protocols and other aspects of our trading system technology.

Trends in Our Business

The majority of our revenues are derived from commissions for transactions executed on our platform between our institutional investor and broker-dealer clients and monthly distribution fees. We believe that there are five key variables that impact the notional value of such transactions on our platform and the amount of commissions and distribution fees earned by us:

 

    the number of institutional investor firms that participate on the platform and their willingness to originate transactions through the platform;

 

    the number of broker-dealer clients on the platform and the frequency and competitiveness of the price responses they provide to the institutional investor clients;

 

    the number of markets for which we make trading available to our clients;

 

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    the overall level of activity in these markets; and

 

    the level of commissions that we collect for trades executed through the platform.

We believe that overall corporate bond market trading volume is affected by various factors including the absolute levels of interest rates, the direction of interest rate movements, the level of new issues of corporate bonds and the volatility of corporate bond spreads versus U.S. Treasury securities. Because a significant percentage of our revenue is tied directly to the volume of securities traded on our platform, it is likely that a general decline in trading volumes, regardless of the cause of such decline, would reduce our revenues and have a significant negative impact on profitability.

Commission Revenue

Commissions are generally calculated as a percentage of the notional dollar volume of bonds traded on our platform and vary based on the type, size, yield and maturity of the bond traded. The commission rates are based on a number of factors, including fees charged by inter-dealer brokers in the respective markets, average bid-offer spreads in the products we offer and transaction costs through alternative channels, including the telephone. Under our transaction fee plans, bonds that are more actively traded or that have shorter maturities are generally charged lower commissions, while bonds that are less actively traded or that have longer maturities generally command higher commissions.

U.S. High-Grade Corporate Bond Commissions.  Our U.S. high-grade corporate bond fee plans for fully electronic trades generally incorporate variable transaction fees and distribution fees billed to our broker-dealer clients on a monthly basis. Certain dealers participate in fee programs that do not contain monthly distribution fees and instead incorporate additional per transaction execution fees and minimum monthly fee commitments. Under the fee plans, we electronically add the transaction fee to the spread quoted by the broker-dealer client. The U.S. high-grade transaction fee is generally designated in basis points in yield and, as a result, is subject to fluctuation depending on the duration of the bond traded. The average U.S. high-grade fees per million may vary in the future due to changes in yield, years-to-maturity and nominal size of bonds traded on our platform.

Other Credit Commissions.  Other credit includes emerging markets and high-yield bonds and Eurobonds. Commissions for other credit products generally vary based on the type of the instrument traded using standard fee schedules. Similar to the U.S. high-grade plans, our European fee plans generally incorporate monthly distribution fees as well as variable transaction fees.

Liquid Products Commissions.  Liquid products includes U.S. agency and European government bonds. Commissions for liquid products generally vary based on the type of the instrument traded using standard fee schedules.

For trades that we execute between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a matched principal basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller, we earn our commission through the difference in price between the two trades.

We anticipate that average fees per million may change in the future. Consequently, past trends in commissions are not necessarily indicative of future commissions.

Other Revenue

In addition to the commissions discussed above, we earn revenue from information and post-trade services, technology products and services, income on investments and other income.

Information and post-trade services. We generate revenue from information services provided to our broker-dealer clients, institutional investor clients and data-only subscribers. Information services are invoiced monthly, quarterly or annually. When billed in advance, revenues are recognized monthly on a straight-line basis. We also generate revenue from trade matching and regulatory transaction reporting services. Revenue is recognized in the period the services are provided.

Technology Products and Services. We generate revenue from professional consulting services, technology software licenses and maintenance and support services.

Investment Income. Investment income consists of income earned on our investments.

 

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Other. Other revenues include fees from telecommunications line charges to broker-dealer clients, initial set-up fees and other miscellaneous revenues.

Expenses

In the normal course of business, we incur the following expenses:

Employee Compensation and Benefits. Employee compensation and benefits is our most significant expense and includes employee salaries, stock-based compensation costs, other incentive compensation, employee benefits and payroll taxes.

Depreciation and Amortization.  We depreciate our computer hardware and related software, office hardware and furniture and fixtures and amortize our capitalized software development costs on a straight-line basis over three to seven years. We amortize leasehold improvements on a straight-line basis over the lesser of the life of the improvement or the remaining term of the lease. Intangible assets with definite lives, including purchased technologies, customer relationships and other intangible assets, are amortized over their estimated useful lives, ranging from three to 15 years. Intangible assets are assessed for impairment when events or circumstances indicate a possible impairment.

Technology and Communications. Technology and communications expense consists primarily of costs relating to maintenance on software and hardware, our internal network connections, data center hosting costs and data feeds provided by outside vendors or service providers. The majority of our broker-dealer clients have dedicated high-speed communication lines to our network in order to provide fast data transfer. We charge our broker-dealer clients a monthly fee for these connections, which is recovered against the relevant expenses we incur.

Professional and Consulting Fees. Professional and consulting fees consist primarily of accounting fees, legal fees and fees paid to information technology and non-information technology consultants for services provided for the maintenance of our trading platform and information services products.

Occupancy. Occupancy costs consist primarily of office and equipment rent, utilities and commercial rent tax.

Marketing and Advertising. Marketing and advertising expense consists primarily of print and other advertising expenses we incur to promote our products and services. This expense also includes costs associated with attending or exhibiting at industry-sponsored seminars, conferences and conventions, and travel and entertainment expenses incurred by our sales force to promote our trading platform and information services.

General and Administrative. General and administrative expense consists primarily of general travel and entertainment, board of directors’ expenses, charitable contributions, provision for doubtful accounts, and various state franchise and U.K. value-added taxes.

Expenses may grow in the future, notably in employee compensation and benefits and depreciation and amortization, primarily due to investment in new products and geographic expansion. However, we believe that operating leverage can be achieved by increasing volumes in existing products and adding new products without substantial additions to our infrastructure.

Critical Accounting Estimates

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations discusses our Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, also referred to as U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting periods. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates under varying assumptions or conditions. Note 2 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements includes a summary of the significant accounting policies and methods used in the preparation of our Consolidated Financial Statements. There were no significant changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates during the three months ended March 31, 2014, as compared to those we disclosed in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.

 

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Segment Results

We operate an electronic multi-party platform for the trading of fixed-income securities and provide related data, analytics, compliance tools and post-trade services. Our operations constitute a single business segment because of the highly integrated nature of these product and services, of the financial markets in which we compete and of our worldwide business activities. We believe that results by geographic region or client sector are not necessarily meaningful in understanding our business.

Results of Operations

Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2013

Overview

Total revenues increased by $9.7 million or 18.2% to $63.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $53.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. This increase in total revenues was primarily due to an increase in commissions of $4.8 million and information and post-trade services of $4.4 million. The increase in revenue from information and post-trade services was principally due to the inclusion of a full quarter of revenues in 2014 from Xtrakter, which was acquired on February 28, 2013.

Total expenses increased by $6.7 million or 23.2% to $35.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $29.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. This increase was primarily due to higher employee compensation and benefits of $3.6 million, depreciation and amortization of $1.8 million and technology and communication costs of $1.3 million. The increase in expenses of $6.7 million includes a full quarter of expenses in 2014 from Xtrakter. Operating expenses for Xtrakter for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 were $6.3 million and $1.7 million, respectively.

Income before taxes from continuing operations increased by $3.0 million or 12.3% to $27.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $24.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. Net income from continuing operations increased by $1.9 million or 12.4% to $17.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $15.5 million for three months ended March 31, 2013.

In October 2013, we sold Greenline Financial Technologies, Inc. (“Greenline”) for $11.0 million and recognized a gain on the sale, net of a tax benefit, of $7.6 million. Greenline’s operating results have been classified as discontinued operations in our Consolidated Statement of Operations. The net loss from discontinued operations for the three months ended March 31, 2013 was $0.2 million.

Revenues

Our revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, and the resulting dollar and percentage changes, were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2014     2013        
            % of            % of     $     %  
     $      Revenues     $      Revenues     Change     Change  
     ($ in thousands)  

Commissions

   $ 51,989         82.0   $ 47,186         87.9   $ 4,803        10.2

Information and post-trade services

     8,079         12.7        3,703         6.9        4,376        118.2   

Technology products and services

     2,036         3.2        1,233         2.3        803        65.1   

Investment income

     146         0.2        132         0.2        14        10.6   

Other

     1,148         1.8        1,397         2.6        (249     (17.8
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

   

Total revenues

   $ 63,398         100.0   $ 53,651         100.0   $ 9,747        18.2
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

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Commissions.  Our commission revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, and the resulting dollar and percentage changes, were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
                   $     %  
     2014      2013      Change     Change  
     ($ in thousands)  

Variable transaction fees

          

U.S. high-grade

   $ 19,948       $ 19,290       $ 658        3.4

Other credit

     15,054         12,365         2,689        21.7   

Liquid products

     816         801         15        1.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total variable transaction fees

     35,818         32,456         3,362        10.4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Distribution fees

          

U.S. high-grade

     13,972         12,349         1,623        13.1   

Other credit

     2,152         2,351         (199     (8.5

Liquid products

     47         30         17        56.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total distribution fees

     16,171         14,730         1,441        9.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total commissions

   $ 51,989       $ 47,186       $ 4,803        10.2
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Variable Transaction Fees

The following table shows the extent to which the increase in commissions for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was attributable to changes in transaction volumes and variable transaction fees per million:

 

     Change from the Three Months Ended March 31, 2013  
     U.S.                     
     High-Grade     Other Credit      Liquid Products     Total  
     (In thousands)  

Volume increase

   $ 3,414      $ 2,452       $ 40      $ 5,906   

Variable transaction fee per million (decrease) increase

     (2,756     237         (25     (2,544
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total commissions increase

   $ 658      $ 2,689       $ 15      $ 3,362   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Our trading volumes for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
                   $      %  
     2014      2013      Change      Change  

Trading Volume Data (in millions)

           

U.S. high-grade—fixed rate

   $ 113,128       $ 96,736       $ 16,392         16.9

U.S. high-grade—floating rate

     6,036         4,509         1,527         33.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total U.S. high-grade

     119,164         101,245         17,919         17.7   

Other credit

     50,050         41,767         8,283         19.8   

Liquid products

     18,204         17,348         856         4.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total

   $ 187,418       $ 160,360       $ 27,058         16.9
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Number of U.S. Trading Days

     61         60         

Number of U.K. Trading Days

     63         62         

For volume reporting purposes, transactions in foreign currencies are converted to U.S. dollars at average monthly rates. The 17.7% increase in U.S. high-grade volume was principally due to an increase in our estimated market share of total U.S. high-grade corporate bond volume as reported by FINRA TRACE from 12.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2013 to 13.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2014, coupled with an increase in estimated FINRA TRACE U.S. high-grade volume of 7.8% to $890.0 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2014 from $825.9 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2013. Other credit volumes increased by 19.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2014 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2013, primarily due to higher volumes in high-yield bonds, emerging markets bonds and Eurobonds. Liquid products volume increased by 4.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2014 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2013, due mainly to higher trading volumes in U.S. agency bonds.

 

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Our average variable transaction fee per million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2014      2013  

Average Variable Transaction Fee Per Million

     

U.S. high-grade—fixed rate

   $ 173       $ 198   

U.S. high-grade—floating rate

     60         21   

Total U.S. high-grade

     167         191   

Other credit

     301         296   

Liquid products

     45         46   

Total

     191         202   

Total U.S. high-grade average variable transaction fee per million decreased from $191 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 to $167 for the three months ended March 31, 2014. The change was primarily due to a decrease in the duration, and an increase in the nominal size, of the bonds traded. U.S. high-grade floating rate average variable transaction fee per million increased from $21 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 to $60 for the three months ended March 31, 2014, primarily due to a change in our pricing calculation to conform with the market convention. Other credit average variable transaction fees per million increased from $296 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 to $301 for the three months ended March 31, 2014, primarily due to a larger percentage of volume in products that carry higher fees per million, principally emerging markets and high-yield bonds. Liquid products average variable transaction fees per million decreased from $46 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 to $45 for the three months ended March 31, 2014.

Distribution Fees

Distribution fees increased by $1.4 million or 9.8% to $16.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 from $14.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. U.S. high-grade distribution fees increased $1.6 million principally due to the migration in the second half of 2013 of two broker-dealer market makers from an all-variable fee plan to a plan that incorporates a monthly distribution fee.

Information and Post-Trade Services.  Information and post-trade services increased by $4.4 million or 118.2% to $8.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $3.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013, principally due to the inclusion of a full quarter of revenue from Xtrakter in 2014.

Technology Products and Services. Technology products and services revenues increased by $0.8 million or 65.1% to $2.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $1.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. The increase was primarily a result of higher professional consulting services revenues.

Investment Income.  Investment income was $0.1 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013.

Other.  Other income decreased by $0.2 million or 17.8% to $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $1.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. In the three months ended March 31, 2014, we recognized income of $0.7 million on the sale of certain MF Global bankruptcy claims. In the three months ended March 31, 2013, we recorded a gain of $0.8 million on the sale of U.S. treasuries to fund the acquisition of Xtrakter.

 

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Expenses

Our expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, and the resulting dollar and percentage changes were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended March 31,  
     2014     2013              
            % of            % of     $     %  
     $      Revenues     $      Revenues     Change     Change  
     ($ in thousands)  

Expenses

              

Employee compensation and benefits

   $ 18,609         29.4   $ 15,016         28.0   $ 3,593        23.9

Depreciation and amortization

     4,121         6.5        2,286         4.3        1,835        80.3   

Technology and communications

     4,492         7.1        3,146         5.9        1,346        42.8   

Professional and consulting fees

     3,972         6.3        4,303         8.0        (331     (7.7

Occupancy

     1,089         1.7        797         1.5        292        36.6   

Marketing and advertising

     1,209         1.9        935         1.7        274        29.3   

General and administrative

     2,198         3.5        2,497         4.7        (299     (12.0
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

   

Total expenses

   $ 35,690         56.3   $ 28,980         54.0   $ 6,710        23.2
  

 

 

      

 

 

      

 

 

   

Employee Compensation and Benefits.  Employee compensation and benefits increased by $3.6 million or 23.9% to $18.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $15.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. The increase was primarily due to higher wages and benefits associated with an increase in employee headcount and the inclusion of a full quarter of expenses of Xtrakter in 2014. Our employee headcount increased from 273 as of March 31, 2013 to 300 as of March 31, 2014.

Depreciation and Amortization.  Depreciation and amortization increased by $1.8 million or 80.3% to $4.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $2.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. The increase was due to higher amortization of software development costs of $0.6 million, higher production equipment depreciation of $0.6 million and amortization of the Xtrakter intangible assets of $0.4 million. For the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, $1.6 million and $0.8 million, respectively, of equipment purchases and leasehold improvements and $2.6 million and $1.4 million, respectively, of software development costs were capitalized. The higher equipment purchases and leasehold improvements were primarily due to additional costs for our new office space in London.

Technology and Communications.  Technology and communications expenses increased by $1.3 million or 42.8% to $4.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 from $3.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. The increase was due to higher software maintenance and support of $0.6 million, market data of $0.4 million and office telecommunication costs of $0.3 million.

Professional and Consulting Fees.  Professional and consulting fees decreased by $0.3 million or 7.7% to $4.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $4.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. The decrease in professional and consulting fees was due to approximately $1.1 million in investment banking, legal and other professional fees related to the Xtrakter acquisition in 2013, partially offset by an increase in consulting costs of $0.5 million and recruiting fees of $0.2 million.

Occupancy.  Occupancy costs increased by $0.3 million or 36.6% to $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $0.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. The increased occupancy costs principally related to our new office space in London.

Marketing and Advertising.  Marketing and advertising expenses increased by $0.3 million or 29.3% to $1.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. The increase was due to higher promotion and sales related travel and entertainment costs.

General and Administrative.  General and administrative expenses decreased by $0.3 million or 12.0% to $2.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, from $2.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. The decrease was primarily due to transaction costs of $0.4 million related to the Xtrakter acquisition in 2013.

 

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Provision for Income Tax . For the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, the income tax provision from continuing operations was $10.2 million and $9.1 million, respectively. The increase in the tax provision was attributable to an increase in pre-tax income. Our consolidated effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was 36.9%, compared to 37.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2013. Our consolidated effective tax rate can vary from period to period depending on, among other factors, the geographic and business mix of our earnings and changes in tax legislation and tax rates.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

During the past three years, we have met our cash needs through cash on hand and internally generated funds. Cash and cash equivalents and securities available-for-sale totaled $193.5 million at March 31, 2014.

In January 2013, we entered into a three-year credit agreement that provides for revolving loans and letters of credit up to an aggregate of $50.0 million. As of March 31, 2014, there was $49.9 million available to borrow under the credit facility. Subject to satisfaction of certain specified conditions, we are permitted to upsize the credit facility by an additional $50.0 million in total.

Our cash flows were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2014     2013  
     (In thousands)  

Net cash provided by operating activities

   $ 10,147      $ 10,279   

Net cash (used in ) investing activities

     (449     (5,544

Net cash (used in) financing activities

     (11,916     (7,927

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     (428     203   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (decrease) for the period

   $ (2,646   $ (2,989
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities was $10.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 compared to $10.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. The $0.1 million decrease in net cash provided by operating activities was primarily due to an increase in working capital of $4.4 million and a decrease in deferred taxes of $0.6 million, largely offset by an increase in net income of $2.1 million and depreciation and amortization of $1.6 million.

Net cash used in investing activities was $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 compared to $5.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. In February 2013, we acquired Xtrakter for $37.1 million in cash, net of cash acquired and the final post-closing adjustment. Net proceeds from securities available-for-sale were $3.8 million and $33.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Capital expenditures were $4.2 million and $2.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The increase in capital expenditures was primarily due to higher capitalized software expenditures associated with new product initiatives and higher equipment purchases and leasehold improvements for our new office space in London.

Net cash used in financing activities was $11.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 compared to $7.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. The $4.0 million increase in net cash used in financing activities was principally due to the 2014 repurchases of our common stock of $3.4 million and an increase in cash dividends paid on common stock of $0.8 million.

Free cash flow is defined as cash flow from operating activities less expenditures for furniture, equipment and leasehold improvements and capitalized software development costs. For the 12 months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, free cash flow was $65.4 million and $67.9 million, respectively. Free cash flow is a non-GAAP financial measure. We believe that this non-GAAP financial measure, when taken into consideration with the corresponding GAAP financial measures, is important in gaining an understanding of the our financial strength and cash flow generation.

Past trends of cash flows are not necessarily indicative of future cash flow levels. A decrease in cash flows may have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, business and financial condition.

 

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Other Factors Influencing Liquidity and Capital Resources

We are dependent on our broker-dealer clients who are not restricted from buying and selling fixed-income securities with institutional investors, either directly or through their own proprietary or third-party platforms. None of our broker-dealer clients is contractually or otherwise obligated to continue to use our electronic trading platform. The loss of, or a significant reduction in the use of our electronic platform by, our broker-dealer clients could reduce our cash flows, affect our liquidity and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We believe that our current resources are adequate to meet our liquidity needs and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next 12 months. However, our future liquidity and capital requirements will depend on a number of factors, including expenses associated with product development and expansion and new business opportunities that are intended to further diversify our revenue stream. We may also acquire or invest in technologies, business ventures or products that are complementary to our business. In the event we require any additional financing, it will take the form of equity or debt financing. Any additional equity offerings may result in dilution to our stockholders. Any debt financings, if available at all, may involve restrictive covenants with respect to dividends, issuances of additional capital and other financial and operational matters related to our business.

Certain of our U.S. subsidiaries are registered as a broker-dealer or swap execution facility and therefore are subject to the applicable rules and regulations of the SEC and the CFTC. These rules contain minimum net capital requirements, as defined in the applicable regulations, and also may require a significant part of the registrants’ assets be kept in relatively liquid form. Certain of our foreign subsidiaries are regulated by the FCA in the U.K. or Ontario Securities Commission in Canada and must maintain financial resources, as defined in the applicable regulations, in excess of the applicable financial resources requirement. As of March 31, 2014, each of our subsidiaries that are subject to these regulations had net capital or financial resources in excess of their minimum requirements. As of March 31, 2014, our aggregate net capital and financial resources was $74.2 million in excess of required levels of $11.6 million.

Each of our U.S. and foreign regulated subsidiaries are subject to local regulations which generally prohibit repayment of borrowings from our affiliates, paying cash dividends, making loans to our affiliates or otherwise entering into transactions that result in a significant reduction in regulatory net capital or financial resources without prior notification to or approval from such regulated entity’s principal regulator.

As of March 31, 2014, the amount of unrestricted cash held by our non-U.S. subsidiaries was $25.4 million. We have determined that unremitted earnings of our foreign subsidiaries are considered indefinitely reinvested outside of the U.S. Any repatriation of such foreign earnings by way of dividend may be subject to both U.S. federal and state income taxes, reduced by applicable foreign tax credits. However, we do not have any current needs or foreseeable plans to repatriate cash by way of dividends from our non-U.S. subsidiaries.

We execute certain bond transactions between and among institutional investor and broker-dealer clients on a matched principal basis by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller. These trades are then settled through a third-party clearing broker. Settlement typically occurs within one to three trading days after the trade date. Cash settlement of the transaction occurs upon receipt or delivery of the underlying instrument that was traded. For the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, our revenues from matched principal transactions were approximately $1.1 million and $1.3 million, respectively. We maintain collateral deposits with the clearing broker in the form of cash pursuant to a securities clearing agreement. As of March 31, 2014, the amount of the collateral deposits included in prepaid expenses and other assets in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition were $0.9 million. We are exposed to credit risk in the event a counterparty does not fulfill its obligation to complete a transaction. Pursuant to the terms of the securities clearing agreements between us and the clearing broker, the clearing broker has the right to charge us for losses resulting from a counterparty’s failure to fulfill its contractual obligations. The losses are not capped at a maximum amount and apply to all trades executed through the clearing broker. As of March 31, 2014, we had not recorded any liabilities with regard to this right.

In the ordinary course of business, we enter into contracts that contain a variety of representations, warranties and general indemnifications. Our maximum exposure from any claims under these arrangements is unknown, as this would involve claims that have not yet occurred. However, based on past experience, we expect the risk of material loss to be remote.

In January 2014, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program for up to $35.0 million of our common stock. The share repurchase program will expire on December 31, 2015. For the three months ended March 31, 2014, we repurchased 54,000 shares of common stock at a cost of $3.4 million. Shares repurchased under the program will be held in treasury for future use.

 

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In April 2014, our Board of Directors approved a quarterly cash dividend of $0.16 per share payable on May 22, 2014 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on May 8, 2014. Any future declaration and payment of dividends will be at the sole discretion of our Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors may take into account such matters as general business conditions, our financial results, capital requirements, contractual obligations, legal, and regulatory restrictions on the payment of dividends to our stockholders or by our subsidiaries to their respective parent entities, and such other factors as the Board of Directors may deem relevant.

Effects of Inflation

Because the majority of our assets are short-term in nature, they are not significantly affected by inflation. However, the rate of inflation may affect our expenses, such as employee compensation, office leasing costs and communications expenses, which may not be readily recoverable in the prices of our services. To the extent inflation results in rising interest rates and has other adverse effects on the securities markets, it may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments

There was no significant change in our contractual obligations and commitments for the three months ended March, 31 2014.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Market risk is the risk of loss resulting from adverse changes in market rates and prices, such as interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates.

Market Risk

The global financial services business is, by its nature, risky and volatile and is directly affected by many national and international factors that are beyond our control. Any one of these factors may cause a substantial decline in the U.S. and global financial services markets, resulting in reduced trading volume and revenues. These events could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

As of March 31, 2014, we had a $63.5 million investment in securities available-for-sale. Adverse movements, such as a 10% decrease in the value of these securities or a downturn or disruption in the markets for these securities, could result in a substantial loss. In addition, principal gains and losses resulting from these securities could on occasion have a disproportionate effect, positive or negative, on our financial condition and results of operations for any particular reporting period.

Interest Rate Risk

Interest rate risk represents our exposure to interest rate changes with respect to the money market instruments and fixed-income securities in which we invest. As of March 31, 2014, our cash and cash equivalents and securities available-for-sale amounted to $193.5 million and were primarily in money market instruments, corporate bonds and municipal securities. We do not maintain an inventory of bonds that are traded on our platform.

Derivative Risk

Our limited derivative risk stems from our activities in the foreign currency forward contract market. We use this market to mitigate our U.S. dollar versus Pound Sterling exposure that arises from the activities of our U.K. subsidiaries. As of March 31, 2014, the notional fair value of our foreign currency forward contract was $33.2 million. We do not speculate in any derivative instruments.

Credit Risk

Our subsidiaries, MarketAxess Corporation and MarketAxess Europe Limited, act as a matched principal counterparty in certain transactions that we execute between clients. We act as an intermediary in these transactions by serving as counterparty to both the buyer and the seller in trades which then settle through a third-party clearing broker. Settlement typically occurs within one to three trading days after the trade date. Cash settlement of the transaction occurs upon receipt or delivery of the underlying instrument that was traded.

 

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We are exposed to credit risk in our role as matched principal counterparty to our clients. We are exposed to the risk that third parties that owe us money, securities or other assets will not perform their obligations. These parties may default on their obligations to us due to bankruptcy, lack of liquidity, operational failure or other reasons. Adverse movements in the prices of securities that are the subject of these transactions can increase our risk. Where the unmatched position or failure to deliver is prolonged, there may also be regulatory capital charges required to be taken by us. There can be no assurance that the policies and procedures we use to manage this credit risk will effectively mitigate our credit risk exposure.

Cash and cash equivalents includes cash and money market instruments that are primarily maintained at one major global bank. Given this concentration, we are exposed to certain credit risk in relation to our deposits at this bank.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

(a)  Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.  Our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our “disclosure controls and procedures” as that term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as of March 31, 2014. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and to ensure that information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

(b)  Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting.  There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and Rule 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended March 31, 2014 identified in connection with the evaluation thereof by our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II — Other Information

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

In the normal course of business, we and our subsidiaries included in the consolidated financial statements may be involved in various lawsuits, proceedings and regulatory examinations. On January 2, 2013, a former employee filed a complaint against us with the U.S. Department of Labor alleging retaliatory employment practices in violation of the whistleblower provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The relief sought includes, among other things, reinstatement, back pay and compensatory and punitive damages. We believe the complaint is without merit and intend to vigorously defend against the allegations. We filed a response to the complaint on February 26, 2013. Given the inherent uncertainty of the potential outcome of such proceedings, we cannot estimate the reasonably possible range of loss at this time. Based on the available information, we believe that the low end of the reasonably possible range of loss is zero and, accordingly, no loss accrual has been provided in our accompanying financial statements.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no material changes in our risk factors from those disclosed in our most recent Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013. For a discussion of the risk factors affecting the Company, see “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item  1A of our 2013 Form 10-K.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

None.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

During the quarter ended March 31, 2014, we repurchased the following shares of common stock:

 

Period

   Total Number of
Shares Purchased
     Average Price Paid
per Share
     Total Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced
Plans and Programs
     Dollar Value of Shares
That May Yet Be
Purchased Under the
Plans and Programs
 

January 1, 2014 — January 31, 2014

     —         $ —           —         $ 35,000   

February 1, 2014 — February 28, 2014

     —           —           —           35,000   

March 1, 2014 — March 31, 2014

     54,000         62.71         54,000         31,614   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    
     54,000       $ 62.71         54,000      
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

In January 2014, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program for up to $35.0 million of our common stock. The share repurchase program will expire on December 31, 2015. For the three months ended March 31, 2014, we repurchased 54,000 shares of common stock at a cost of $3.4 million. Shares repurchased under the program will be held in treasury for future use.

Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

None.

 

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Item 6. Exhibits

Exhibit Listing:

 

Number

  

Description

  31.1    Certification by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  31.2    Certification by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  32.1    Certification by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  32.2    Certification by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS    XBRL Instance Document**
101.SCH    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document**
101.CAL    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document**
101.LAB    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document**
101.PRE    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document**
101.DEF    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document**

 

** Attached as Exhibit 101 to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are the following materials, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition as of March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013; (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 and 2013; (iii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 and 2013; (iv) Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2014; (v) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2014 and 2013; and (vi) Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, the Interactive Data Files on Exhibit 101 hereto are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, are deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise are not subject to liability under those sections.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

    MARKETAXESS HOLDINGS INC.
Date: April 25, 2014     By:   /s/ RICHARD M. MCVEY
      Richard M. McVey
      Chief Executive Officer
      (principal executive officer)
Date: April 25, 2014     By:    /s/ ANTONIO L. DELISE
      Antonio L. DeLise
      Chief Financial Officer
      (principal financial and accounting officer)

 

35

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATIONS

I, Richard M. McVey, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of MarketAxess Holdings Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

/s/ RICHARD M. MCVEY

Richard M. McVey
Chief Executive Officer
(principal executive officer)

Dated: April 25, 2014

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATIONS

I, Antonio L. DeLise, certify that:

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of MarketAxess Holdings Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

/s/ ANTONIO L. DELISE

Antonio L. DeLise
Chief Financial Officer
(principal financial and accounting officer)

Dated: April 25, 2014

Exhibit 32.1

Certification Under Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

(United States Code, Title 18, Chapter 63, Section 1350)

Accompanying Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of

MarketAxess Holdings Inc. for the Quarter Ended March 31, 2014

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of MarketAxess Holdings Inc. (the “Company”) for the quarter ended March 31, 2014, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Richard M. McVey, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, hereby certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

/s/ RICHARD M. MCVEY

Richard M. McVey
Chief Executive Officer

April 25, 2014

This certification shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, nor shall it be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, except to the extent the Company specifically incorporates it by reference.

Exhibit 32.2

Certification Under Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

(United States Code, Title 18, Chapter 63, Section 1350)

Accompanying Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of

MarketAxess Holdings Inc. for the Quarter Ended March 31, 2014

In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of MarketAxess Holdings Inc. (the “Company”) for the quarter ended March 31, 2014, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Antonio L. DeLise, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, hereby certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

/s/ ANTONIO L. DELISE

Antonio L. DeLise
Chief Financial Officer

April 25, 2014

This certification shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, nor shall it be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, except to the extent the Company specifically incorporates it by reference.